<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />
Dismiss
Skip Navigation

8.13: Heat Waves and Droughts

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
Atoms Practice
Estimated3 minsto complete
%
Progress
Practice Heat Waves and Droughts
 
 
 
MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Practice
Progress
Estimated3 minsto complete
%
Estimated3 minsto complete
%
Practice Now
MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Turn In

Is the current drought like the Dust Bowl?

The worst heat wave in U.S. history came in 1936. The already struggling Midwest was hit hard by extreme temperatures and drought. Crops were destroyed, and more than 5,000 people died. The Midwest and Southwest are currently suffering with drought. While serious, it is not yet a situation like the Dust Bowl.

Heat Waves

A heat wave is different depending on its location. A region has a heat wave if it has more than five consecutive days of temperatures that are more than 9oF (5oC) above average. A heat wave in Portland, Oregon might be just an average warm week in Phoenix, Arizona.

Heat waves have increased in frequency and duration in recent years. The summer 2011 North American heat wave brought record temperatures across the Midwestern and Eastern United States. Many states and localities broke records for temperature and for the most days above 100oF.

Causes

A high pressure cell sitting over a region with no movement is the likely cause of a heat wave.

What do you think caused the heat wave in the image below (Figure below)? A high pressure zone kept the jet stream farther north than normal for August.

A heat wave over the United States as indicated by heat radiated from the ground. The bright yellow areas are the hottest, and the blue and white are coolest.

Droughts

Droughts also depend on what is normal for a region. A region that gets significantly less precipitation than normal for an extended period of time is in drought. The Southern United States is experiencing an ongoing and prolonged drought.

Drought has many consequences. When soil loses moisture it may blow away. This happened during the Dust Bowl in the United States in the 1930s. Forests may be lost, dust storms may become common, and wildlife are disturbed. Wildfires become much more common during times of drought.

Vocabulary

  • drought: Long period of lower than normal rainfall for a particular region.
  • heat wave: Period of prolonged excessively hot weather for a particular region.

Summary

  • A heat wave or a drought is defined as conditions different from normal in a region.
  • A heat wave is caused when a warm high-pressure cell sits over a region.
  • Drought may have extremely severe consequences. The severity depends on its duration and intensity.

Practice

Use the resources below to answer the questions that follow.

  1. What will happen if the world's temperature increases by 3 degrees?
  2. What will happen in Europe and the Mediterranean?
  3. What will become the norm?
  4. What happened in the summer of 2003?
  5. How many people died in Europe that summer?
  1. What are the signs of a drought?
  2. What causes a drought?
  3. What type of pressure system is associated with a drought?
  4. What adds to the problem?
  5. What can long-term droughts lead to?
  6. How long did the drought last in the 1930s?

Review

  1. How is a heat wave defined?
  2. How is a drought defined?
  3. How does the position of the jet stream cause a heat wave?

Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes
Please to create your own Highlights / Notes
Show More

Vocabulary

drought

Long period of lower than normal rainfall for a particular region.

heat wave

Period of prolonged excessively hot weather for a particular region.

Image Attributions

Show Hide Details
Description
Difficulty Level:
Basic
Grades:
6 , 7
Date Created:
Jan 04, 2013
Last Modified:
Aug 29, 2016
Files can only be attached to the latest version of Modality
Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original
 
SCI.ESC.650.L.2
Here