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5.4: Faults

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

dip

Angle of a fault relative to horizontal.

dip-slip fault

Fault in which the dip of the fault plain is inclined relative to the horizontal.

fault

Fracture along which one side has moved relative to the other.

fault zone

Group of faults.

joint

Break in rock along which there is no movement.

normal fault

Dip-slip fault in which the hanging wall drops down relative to the footwall.

reverse fault

Dip-slip fault in which the hanging wall pushes up relative to the footwall.

slip

Distance rocks move along a fault.

strike-slip fault

Fault in which the dip of the fault plane is vertical.

thrust fault

Reverse fault in which the dip of the fault plane is nearly horizontal.

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Description
Difficulty Level:
Basic

Concept Nodes:

Grades:
6 , 7
Date Created:
Jan 04, 2013
Last Modified:
Aug 29, 2016
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SCI.ESC.354.3.L.2