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12.1: Reflection Symmetry

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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What if you were asked to consider the presence of symmetry in nature? The starfish, below, is one example of symmetry in nature. Draw in the line(s) of symmetry. After completing this Concept, you'll be able to draw lines of symmetry through shapes and objects like this one.

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CK-12 Foundation: Chapter12ReflectionSymmetryA

Brightstorm: Reflectional Symmetry

Guidance

A line of symmetry is a line that passes through a figure such that it splits the figure into two congruent halves. Many figures have a line of symmetry, but some do not have any lines of symmetry. Figures can also have more than one line of symmetry. A shape has reflection symmetry when it has one or more lines of symmetry.

Example A

Find all lines of symmetry for the shape below.

This figure has two lines of symmetry.

Example B

Does the figure below have reflection symmetry?

Yes, this figure has reflection symmetry.

Example C

Does the figure below have reflection symmetry?

Yes, this figure has reflection symmetry.

Watch this video for help with the Examples above.

CK-12 Foundation: Chapter12ReflectionSymmetryB

Concept Problem Revisited

The starfish has 5 lines of symmetry.

Vocabulary

A line of symmetry is a line that passes through a figure such that it splits the figure into two congruent halves. Reflection symmetry is present when a figure has one or more lines of symmetry.

Guided Practice

Find all lines of symmetry for the shapes below.

1.

2.

3.

Answers:

For each figure, draw lines through the figure so that the lines perfectly cut the figure in half. Figure 1 has eight, 2 has no lines of symmetry, and 3 has one.

1.

2.

3.

Practice

For #1 through #8, determine whether each statement is true or false.

  1. All right triangles have line symmetry.
  2. All isosceles triangles have line symmetry.
  3. Every rectangle has line symmetry.
  4. Every rectangle has exactly two lines of symmetry.
  5. Every parallelogram has line symmetry.
  6. Every square has exactly two lines of symmetry.
  7. Every regular polygon has three lines of symmetry.
  8. Every sector of a circle has a line of symmetry.
  1. What type of shape has an infinite number of lines of symmetry?

Find all lines of symmetry for the letters below.

Determine if the words below have reflection symmetry.

  1. OHIO
  2. MOW
  3. WOW
  4. KICK
  5. pod

Trace each figure and then draw in all lines of symmetry.

Determine if the figures below have reflection symmetry. Identify all lines of symmetry.

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Vocabulary

Congruent

Congruent figures are identical in size, shape and measure.

Isosceles Triangle

An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which exactly two sides are the same length.

Line of Symmetry

A line of symmetry is a line that can be drawn to divide a figure into equal halves.

Line Symmetry

A figure has line symmetry or reflection symmetry when it can be divided into equal halves that match.

reflection symmetry

A figure has reflection symmetry if it can be reflected across a line and look exactly the same as it did before the reflection.

Symmetry

A figure has symmetry if it can be transformed and still look the same.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
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Date Created:
Jul 17, 2012
Last Modified:
Aug 02, 2016
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