Dismiss
Skip Navigation

1.10: Organic Compounds

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
Atoms Practice
%
Progress
 
 
 
MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Practice
Progress
%
%
Practice Now
MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Turn In
Loading... 

Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes
Show More

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
amino acid Small molecule used to build proteins.
antibody Protein that identifies pathogens or other substances as being harmful; can destroy pathogens by attaching to the cell membrane of the pathogen.
ATP Adenosine triphosphate; usable form of energy inside the cell.
carbohydrate Organic compound such as sugar and starch that provides an energy source for animals.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms.
enzyme Protein that speeds up chemical reactions.
glucose Simple sugar molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6.
glycogen Storage carbohydrate in animals.
lipid Organic compound that is insoluble in water and includes fats, oils, and waxes.
macromolecule Molecule containing a large number of atoms.
monomer Small building block molecule.
monosaccharide Simple sugar, such as glucose, that is a building block of carbohydrates.
nucleic acid Organic compound that can carry genetic information.
organic compound Compound built around the element carbon.
phospholipid Lipid molecule with a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and two hydrophobic (water-hating) tails; makes up the cell membrane.
polysaccharide Large carbohydrate usually containing hundreds or thousands of monosaccharides.
protein Organic compound composed of amino acids and includes enzymes, antibodies, and muscle fibers.
RNA Ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.
starch Storage carbohydrate in plants.

Image Attributions

Show Hide Details
Description
Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Dec 24, 2016
Files can only be attached to the latest version of Modality
Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original
 
SCI.LSC.210.1.L.1