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1.10: Organic Compounds

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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amino acid Small molecule used to build proteins.
antibody Protein that identifies pathogens or other substances as being harmful; can destroy pathogens by attaching to the cell membrane of the pathogen.
ATP Adenosine triphosphate; usable form of energy inside the cell.
carbohydrate Organic compound such as sugar and starch that provides an energy source for animals.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms.
enzyme Protein that speeds up chemical reactions.
glucose Simple sugar molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6.
glycogen Storage carbohydrate in animals.
lipid Organic compound that is insoluble in water and includes fats, oils, and waxes.
macromolecule Molecule containing a large number of atoms.
monomer Small building block molecule.
monosaccharide Simple sugar, such as glucose, that is a building block of carbohydrates.
nucleic acid Organic compound that can carry genetic information.
organic compound Compound built around the element carbon.
phospholipid Lipid molecule with a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and two hydrophobic (water-hating) tails; makes up the cell membrane.
polysaccharide Large carbohydrate usually containing hundreds or thousands of monosaccharides.
protein Organic compound composed of amino acids and includes enzymes, antibodies, and muscle fibers.
RNA Ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.
starch Storage carbohydrate in plants.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Dec 24, 2016
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