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1.10: Organic Compounds

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

amino acid

Small molecule used to build proteins.

antibody

Protein that identifies pathogens or other substances as being harmful; can destroy pathogens by attaching to the cell membrane of the pathogen.

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate; usable form of energy inside the cell.

carbohydrate

Organic compound such as sugar and starch that provides an energy source for animals.

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms.

enzyme

Protein that speeds up chemical reactions.

glucose

Simple sugar molecule with the chemical formula C6H12O6.

glycogen

Storage carbohydrate in animals.

lipid

Organic compound that is insoluble in water and includes fats, oils, and waxes.

macromolecule

Molecule containing a large number of atoms.

monomer

Small building block molecule.

monosaccharide

Simple sugar, such as glucose, that is a building block of carbohydrates.

nucleic acid

Organic compound that can carry genetic information.

organic compound

Compound built around the element carbon.

phospholipid

Lipid molecule with a hydrophilic (water-loving) head and two hydrophobic (water-hating) tails; makes up the cell membrane.

polysaccharide

Large carbohydrate usually containing hundreds or thousands of monosaccharides.

protein

Organic compound composed of amino acids and includes enzymes, antibodies, and muscle fibers.

RNA

Ribonucleic acid; single-stranded nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis.

starch

Storage carbohydrate in plants.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Dec 24, 2016
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