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2.2: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

cytoplasm

Entire contents of the cell inside the plasma membrane, excluding the nucleus.

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms.

endoplasmic reticulum

Organelle that is the site of lipid synthesis and protein modification.

eukaryote

Organism with cells containing a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.

eukaryotic cell

Cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.

Golgi apparatus

Organelle that processes and packages proteins.

mitochondria

Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.

mitochondrion

(plural mitochondria): Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.

nucleus

Cell structure that contains the genetic material, DNA.

organelle

Structure within the cell that has a specific role.

plasma membrane

The lipid barrier that surrounds the cell; known as the cell membrane.

prokaryote

Organism that lacks a nucleus; i.e. bacteria.

prokaryotic cell

Cell without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles.

ribosome

Organelle in which proteins are made (protein synthesis).

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Sep 05, 2016
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