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1.13: Viruses

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

TermDefinition
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, which is a fatal condition, unless treated with proper medications, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
ATP Adenosine triphosphate; a usable form of energy inside the cell.
cell Basic unit of structure and function of a living organism; the basic unit of life.
enzyme Protein that speeds up chemical reactions.
evolution Process in which something passes to a different stage, such as a living organism turning into a more advanced or mature organism; the change of the inherited traits of a group of organisms over many generations.
genetic material DNA and RNA
homeostasis Maintaining a stable internal environment.
host cell Cell infected by a virus.
replicate To make a copy of, as in viral replication or DNA replication.
ribosome Cell structure on which proteins are made; not surrounded by a membrane; found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
virus Non-living particle consisting of RNA or DNA surrounded by a protein coat.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade

Concept Nodes:

Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Aug 30, 2016
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SCI.LSC.223.1.L.1