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2.19: Mitosis and Cytokinesis

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

TermDefinition
anaphase Third phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids separate and move to opposite sides of the cell.
centromere Region of a chromosome where sister chromatids are joined together.
chromosome Structure made of DNA and proteins that contains the genetic material of a cell.
cytokinesis Division of the cytoplasm.
metaphase Second phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes are aligned in the center of the cell.
mitosis Division of the nucleus.
nucleus Eukaryotic cell structure that contains the genetic material, DNA.
prophase Initial phase of mitosis in which chromosomes condense, the nuclear envelope dissolves and the spindle begins to form.
sister chromatids Two identical copies of a chromosome.
spindle Structure that helps separate the sister chromatids during mitosis; also separates homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
telophase Final phase of mitosis in which a nuclear envelop forms around each of the two sets of chromosomes.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Aug 30, 2016
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