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2.2: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Vocabulary

TermDefinition
cytoplasm Entire contents of the cell inside the plasma membrane, excluding the nucleus.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms.
endoplasmic reticulum Organelle that is the site of lipid synthesis and protein modification.
eukaryote Organism with cells containing a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
eukaryotic cell Cell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
Golgi apparatus Organelle that processes and packages proteins.
mitochondria Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.
mitochondrion (plural mitochondria): Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.
nucleus Cell structure that contains the genetic material, DNA.
organelle Structure within the cell that has a specific role.
plasma membrane The lipid barrier that surrounds the cell; known as the cell membrane.
prokaryote Organism that lacks a nucleus; i.e. bacteria.
prokaryotic cell Cell without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles.
ribosome Organelle in which proteins are made (protein synthesis).

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
Grades:
7 , 8
Date Created:
Nov 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Sep 05, 2016
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SCI.LSC.223.L.1