2.2: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12 CK-12 Life Science Concepts For Middle School Cell Biology % Progress Practice Progress % Practice Now Read Practice Resources Details Loading... Vocabulary Language: English ▼ English cytoplasm cytoplasmEntire contents of the cell inside the plasma membrane, excluding the nucleus. DNA DNADeoxyribonucleic acid; nucleic acid that is the genetic material of all organisms. endoplasmic reticulum endoplasmic reticulumOrganelle that is the site of lipid synthesis and protein modification. eukaryote eukaryoteOrganism with cells containing a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. eukaryotic cell eukaryotic cellCell that contains a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Golgi apparatus Golgi apparatusOrganelle that processes and packages proteins. mitochondria mitochondriaOrganelle of the cell in which energy is generated. mitochondrion mitochondrion(plural mitochondria): Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated. nucleus nucleusCell structure that contains the genetic material, DNA. organelle organelleStructure within the cell that has a specific role. plasma membrane plasma membraneThe lipid barrier that surrounds the cell; known as the cell membrane. prokaryote prokaryoteOrganism that lacks a nucleus; i.e. bacteria. prokaryotic cell prokaryotic cellCell without a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles. ribosome ribosomeOrganelle in which proteins are made (protein synthesis). Image Attributions Description Differentiates between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Learning Objectives None Related Materials Two Types of Cells - Advanced Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells Difficulty Level: At Grade Authors: Jessica Harwood Douglas Wilkin, Ph.D. Contributors: Doris Kraus, Ph.D. Niamh Gray-Wilson Jean Brainard, Ph.D. Sarah Johnson Jane Willan Corliss Karasov Editors: Douglas Wilkin, Ph.D. Tags: eukaryotes prokaryotes SCI.BIO.223.L.2 (1 more) SCI.LSC.223.L.1 Subjects: science Life Science Concept Nodes: SCI.LSC.223 (Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells) Grades: 7 , 8 Date Created: Nov 29, 2012 Last Modified: Jun 30, 2015 Vocabulary None You can only attach files to Modality which belong to you If you would like to associate files with this Modality, please make a copy first.