This chapter outlines the nature and methods of science, the scope of life science, the importance of the microscope in life science, and how to stay safe in life science research.
What is a Living Organism?
This chapter identifies characteristics of living things, biochemical compounds and reactions, and how living things are classified.
Cells and Their Structures
This chapter describes the discovery of cells, cell theory, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, levels of organization in living things, and cell parts and their functions.
This chapter explains different types of cell transport, the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, and how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are related.
Cell Division, Reproduction, and Protein Synthesis
This chapter gives an overview of the processes of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell division, sexual and asexual reproduction, and protein synthesis.
This chapter describes Mendel’s research and discoveries, basic principles of genetics and inheritance, and recent advances in genetics.
This chapter outlines Darwin’s theory of evolution, evidence for evolution, macroevolution and microevolution, and the history of life on Earth.
This chapter introduces prokaryotes and describes bacteria and archea.
Protists and Fungi
This chapter summarizes the classification, evolution, and traits of protists and fungi.
This chapter describes the classification and evolution of plants, how plants respond to stimuli, and special adaptations of plants.
Introduction to Animals
This chapter outlines basic traits of animals, how animals are classified, and how animals evolved.
This chapter summarizes the structure, function, reproduction, and ecology of invertebrates, from sponges to invertebrate chordates.
Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles
This chapter introduces vertebrates and describes the traits, reproduction, classification, and ecology of fish, amphibians, and reptiles.
Birds and Mammals
This chapter outlines the traits, reproduction, classification, and ecology of birds, mammals, and primates.
This chapter introduces animal behavior and describes different types of animal behavior.
Skin, Bones, and Muscles
This chapter introduces the human body and explains the structures and functions of the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems.
Food and the Digestive System
This chapter gives an overview of nutrients, describes how to choose healthy foods, and explains the structure and function of the digestive system.
This chapter explains the structure and function of the cardiovascular system.
Respiratory and Excretory Systems
This chapter explains the structures and functions of the respiratory and excretory systems.
Controlling the Body
This chapter explains the structure and function of the nervous system, including the senses, and outlines the glands and hormones of the endocrine system.
Diseases and the Body’s Defenses
This chapter distinguishes between infectious and noninfectious diseases, describes the immune system, and explains both nonspecific and specific responses of the body to infection.
Reproductive Systems and Life Stages
This chapter outlines the organs and functions of the male and female reproductive systems, how reproduction occurs, the stages of the human lifespan from fertilization to death, reproductive system health problems, and ways to keep the reproductive system healthy.
Introduction to Ecology
This chapter introduces the science of ecology, defines basic ecological concepts, and describes the levels of organization in ecology from the population to the biome.
This chapter explains how energy flows through ecosystems, matter cycles through ecosystems, and ecosystems change through primary and secondary succession.
This chapter outlines causes and effects of air and water pollution, renewable and nonrenewable resource use, and loss of biodiversity.
Life Science Glossary
MS Life Science book glossary.