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CK-12 Life Science For Middle School

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Table of Contents

  • 1.

    Studying Life

    This chapter outlines the nature and methods of science, the scope of life science, the importance of the microscope in life science, and how to stay safe in life science research.

  • 2.

    What is a Living Organism?

    This chapter identifies characteristics of living things, biochemical compounds and reactions, and how living things are classified.

  • 3.

    Cells and Their Structures

    This chapter describes the discovery of cells, cell theory, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, levels of organization in living things, and cell parts and their functions.

  • 4.

    Cell Functions

    This chapter explains different types of cell transport, the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration, and how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are related.

  • 5.

    Cell Division, Reproduction, and Protein Synthesis

    This chapter gives an overview of the processes of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell division, sexual and asexual reproduction, and protein synthesis.

  • 6.


    This chapter describes Mendel’s research and discoveries, basic principles of genetics and inheritance, and recent advances in genetics.

  • 7.


    This chapter outlines Darwin’s theory of evolution, evidence for evolution, macroevolution and microevolution, and the history of life on Earth.

  • 8.


    This chapter introduces prokaryotes and describes bacteria and archea.

  • 9.

    Protists and Fungi

    This chapter summarizes the classification, evolution, and traits of protists and fungi.

  • 10.


    This chapter describes the classification and evolution of plants, how plants respond to stimuli, and special adaptations of plants.

  • 11.

    Introduction to Animals

    This chapter outlines basic traits of animals, how animals are classified, and how animals evolved.

  • 12.


    This chapter summarizes the structure, function, reproduction, and ecology of invertebrates, from sponges to invertebrate chordates.

  • 13.

    Fishes, Amphibians, and Reptiles

    This chapter introduces vertebrates and describes the traits, reproduction, classification, and ecology of fish, amphibians, and reptiles.

  • 14.

    Birds and Mammals

    This chapter outlines the traits, reproduction, classification, and ecology of birds, mammals, and primates.

  • 15.

    Animal Behavior

    This chapter introduces animal behavior and describes different types of animal behavior.

  • 16.

    Skin, Bones, and Muscles

    This chapter introduces the human body and explains the structures and functions of the integumentary, skeletal, and muscular systems.

  • 17.

    Food and the Digestive System

    This chapter gives an overview of nutrients, describes how to choose healthy foods, and explains the structure and function of the digestive system.

  • 18.

    Cardiovascular System

    This chapter explains the structure and function of the cardiovascular system.

  • 19.

    Respiratory and Excretory Systems

    This chapter explains the structures and functions of the respiratory and excretory systems.

  • 20.

    Controlling the Body

    This chapter explains the structure and function of the nervous system, including the senses, and outlines the glands and hormones of the endocrine system.

  • 21.

    Diseases and the Body’s Defenses

    This chapter distinguishes between infectious and noninfectious diseases, describes the immune system, and explains both nonspecific and specific responses of the body to infection.

  • 22.

    Reproductive Systems and Life Stages

    This chapter outlines the organs and functions of the male and female reproductive systems, how reproduction occurs, the stages of the human lifespan from fertilization to death, reproductive system health problems, and ways to keep the reproductive system healthy.

  • 23.

    Introduction to Ecology

    This chapter introduces the science of ecology, defines basic ecological concepts, and describes the levels of organization in ecology from the population to the biome.

  • 24.

    Ecosystem Dynamics

    This chapter explains how energy flows through ecosystems, matter cycles through ecosystems, and ecosystems change through primary and secondary succession.

  • 25.

    Environmental Problems

    This chapter outlines causes and effects of air and water pollution, renewable and nonrenewable resource use, and loss of biodiversity.

  • 26.

    Life Science Glossary

    MS Life Science book glossary.

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Difficulty Level:
At Grade
7 , 8
Date Created:
Feb 29, 2012
Last Modified:
Nov 03, 2016
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