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# 7.8: Single Variable Subtraction Equations

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Practice Single Variable Subtraction Equations
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Remember Marc and his lunch?

In the last Concept, you figured out that Marc spent $6.15 on lunch. After Marc had paid for his lunch, he bought an ice cream cone. It cost$3.15. If Marc received $5.85 back as change, how much did he give the cashier? You can write a single variable subtraction equation to represent this dilemma. Solving the equation will give you a solution to the problem presented. Pay attention and you will learn how to do this in this Concept. ### Guidance To solve an equation in which a number is subtracted from a variable, we can use the inverse of subtraction––addition. We can add that number to both sides of the equation to solve it. You can think about this as working backwards from the operation. If we have a problem with addition, we subtract. If we have a problem with subtraction, we add. We must add the number to both sides of the equation because of the Addition Property of Equality, which states: if , then . So, if you add a number, , to one side of an equation, you must add that same number, , to the other side, too, to keep the values on both sides equal. Let's apply this information to a problem. Solve for . In the equation, 15 is subtracted from . So, we can add 15 to both sides of the equation to solve for . Notice how we rewrote the subtraction as adding a negative integer. The value of is 33. Here is another one. Solve for . In the equation, is subtracted from . So, we can add to both sides of the equation to solve for . The value of is 1. Again, we are using a property. The Subtraction Property of Equality states that as long as you subtract the same quantity to both sides of an equation, that the equation will remain equal. Each of these properties makes use of an inverse operation. If the operation in the equation is addition, then you use the Subtraction Property of Equality. If the operation in the equation is subtraction, then you use the Addition Property of Equality. Solve each equation. #### Example A Solution: #### Example B Solution: #### Example C Solution: Here is the original problem once again. In the last Concept, you figured out that Marc spent$6.15 on lunch. After Marc had paid for his lunch, he bought an ice cream cone. It cost $3.15. If Marc received$5.85 back as change, how much did he give the cashier?

You can write a single variable subtraction equation to represent this dilemma.

Solving the equation will give you a solution to the problem presented.

First, let's write the equation.

Our unknown is the amount of money Marc gave the cashier. Let's call that .

Then we know that the ice cream cone cost $3.15. Marc received$5.85 in change.

Now we can solve this equation.

### Vocabulary

Here are the vocabulary words in this Concept.

Isolate the variable
an explanation used to describe the action of getting the variable alone on one side of the equal sign.
Inverse Operation
the opposite operation
Subtraction Property of Equality
states that you can subtract the same quantity from both sides of an equation and have the equation still balance.
states that you can add the same quantity to both sides of an equation and have the equation still balance.

### Guided Practice

Here is one for you to try on your own.

Harry earned $19.50 this week. That is$6.50 less than he earned last week.

a. Write an equation to represent , the amount of money, in dollars, that he earned last week.

b. Determine how much money Harry earned last week.

Consider part first.

Use a number, an operation sign, a variable, or an equal sign to represent each part of the problem.

This equation, , represents , the number of dollars earned last week.

Next, consider part .

Solve the equation to find the number of blue tiles in the bag.

Harry earned \$26.00 last week.

### Video Review

Here is a video for review.

### Practice

Directions: Solve each single-variable subtraction equation.

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### Vocabulary Language: English

Difference

Difference

The result of a subtraction operation is called a difference.
Expression

Expression

An expression is a mathematical phrase containing variables, operations and/or numbers. Expressions do not include comparative operators such as equal signs or inequality symbols.
Simplify

Simplify

To simplify means to rewrite an expression to make it as "simple" as possible. You can simplify by removing parentheses, combining like terms, or reducing fractions.
Sum

Sum

The sum is the result after two or more amounts have been added together.

Oct 29, 2012

Sep 24, 2015