<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="1; url=/nojavascript/"> Single Variable Subtraction Equations | CK-12 Foundation
You are reading an older version of this FlexBook® textbook: CK-12 Middle School Math Concepts - Grade 7 Go to the latest version.

7.8: Single Variable Subtraction Equations

Difficulty Level: Basic Created by: CK-12
0  0  0
%
Best Score
Practice Single Variable Subtraction Equations
Best Score
%

Remember Marc and his lunch?

In the last Concept, you figured out that Marc spent $6.15 on lunch. After Marc had paid for his lunch, he bought an ice cream cone. It cost$3.15. If Marc received $5.85 back as change, how much did he give the cashier? You can write a single variable subtraction equation to represent this dilemma. Solving the equation will give you a solution to the problem presented. Pay attention and you will learn how to do this in this Concept. Guidance To solve an equation in which a number is subtracted from a variable, we can use the inverse of subtraction––addition. We can add that number to both sides of the equation to solve it. You can think about this as working backwards from the operation. If we have a problem with addition, we subtract. If we have a problem with subtraction, we add. We must add the number to both sides of the equation because of the Addition Property of Equality , which states: if $a=b$ , then $a+c=b+c$ . So, if you add a number, $c$ , to one side of an equation, you must add that same number, $c$ , to the other side, too, to keep the values on both sides equal. Let's apply this information to a problem. Solve for $a \ a-15=18$ . In the equation, 15 is subtracted from $a$ . So, we can add 15 to both sides of the equation to solve for $a$ . $a-15 &= 18\\a-15+15 &= 18+15\\a+(-15+15) &= 33\\a+0 &= 33\\a &= 33$ Notice how we rewrote the subtraction as adding a negative integer. The value of $a$ is 33. Here is another one. Solve for $k \ k-\frac{1}{3}=\frac{2}{3}$ . In the equation, $\frac{1}{3}$ is subtracted from $k$ . So, we can add $\frac{1}{3}$ to both sides of the equation to solve for $k$ . $k-\frac{1}{3} &= \frac{2}{3}\\k-\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3} &= \frac{2}{3}+\frac{1}{3}\\k+\left(-\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3}\right) &= \frac{3}{3}\\k+0 &= \frac{3}{3}\\k &= \frac{3}{3}=1$ The value of $k$ is 1. Again, we are using a property. The Subtraction Property of Equality states that as long as you subtract the same quantity to both sides of an equation, that the equation will remain equal. Each of these properties makes use of an inverse operation. If the operation in the equation is addition, then you use the Subtraction Property of Equality. If the operation in the equation is subtraction, then you use the Addition Property of Equality. Solve each equation. Example A $x-44=22$ Solution: $66$ Example B $x-1.3=5.6$ Solution: $6.9$ Example C $y-\frac{1}{4}=\frac{2}{4}$ Solution: $\frac{3}{4}$ Here is the original problem once again. In the last Concept, you figured out that Marc spent$6.15 on lunch. After Marc had paid for his lunch, he bought an ice cream cone. It cost $3.15. If Marc received$5.85 back as change, how much did he give the cashier?

You can write a single variable subtraction equation to represent this dilemma.

Solving the equation will give you a solution to the problem presented.

First, let's write the equation.

Our unknown is the amount of money Marc gave the cashier. Let's call that $x$ .

$x$

Then we know that the ice cream cone cost $3.15. $x - 3.15$ Marc received$5.85 in change.

$x - 3.15 = 5.85$

Now we can solve this equation.

$x = 5.85 + 3.15$

$x = 9.00$

Vocabulary

Here are the vocabulary words in this Concept.

Isolate the variable
an explanation used to describe the action of getting the variable alone on one side of the equal sign.
Inverse Operation
the opposite operation
Subtraction Property of Equality
states that you can subtract the same quantity from both sides of an equation and have the equation still balance.
states that you can add the same quantity to both sides of an equation and have the equation still balance.

Guided Practice

Here is one for you to try on your own.

Harry earned $19.50 this week. That is$6.50 less than he earned last week.

a. Write an equation to represent $m$ , the amount of money, in dollars, that he earned last week.

b. Determine how much money Harry earned last week.

Consider part $a$ first.

Use a number, an operation sign, a variable, or an equal sign to represent each part of the problem.

$& \text{Harry earned} \ \underline{\19.50 \ \text{this week}}. \ \text{That} \ \underline{\text{is}} \ \underline{\6.50} \ \underline{\text{less than}} \ldots \underline{\text{last week}.}\\& \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \ \ \downarrow \quad \Box \quad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \Box\\& \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \ \ \downarrow \quad \Box \quad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \Box\\& \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \ \ \downarrow \quad \Box \quad \quad \downarrow \qquad \qquad \qquad \Box\\& \qquad \qquad \qquad \qquad \ 19.50 \qquad \qquad \quad \ \ = \quad m \quad \quad - \qquad \qquad \quad 6.50$

This equation, $19.50=m-6.50$ , represents $m$ , the number of dollars earned last week.

Next, consider part $b$ .

Solve the equation to find the number of blue tiles in the bag.

$19.50 &= m-6.50\\19.50+6.50 &= m-6.50+6.50\\26.00 &= m+(-6.50+6.50)\\26 &= m+0\\26 &= m$

Harry earned \$26.00 last week.

Video Review

Here is a video for review.

Practice

Directions: Solve each single-variable subtraction equation.

1. $x-8=9$

2. $x-18=29$

3. $a-9=29$

4. $a-4=30$

5. $b-14=27$

6. $b-13=50$

7. $y-23=57$

8. $y-15=27$

9. $x-9=32$

10. $c-19=32$

11. $x-1.9=3.2$

12. $y-2.9=4.5$

13. $c-6.7=8.9$

14. $c-1.23=3.54$

15. $c-5.67=8.97$

Basic

Dec 21, 2012

Aug 18, 2014