3.9: Solve MultiStep Equations Involving Decimals
Have you ever counted change? Take a look at this situation involving many different coins.
Sam found a bunch of change under his bed. He has a pile of quarters, a pile of dimes and a pile of nickels. He has the same number of quarters, dimes and nickels. When he adds it all up, he has eight dollars and eighty cents.
How many of each coin does Sam have?
To figure this out, you will need to write an equation and solve it. This Concept will show you how to work with equations that have decimals in them.
Guidance
Did you know that you can solve equations with rational numbers in them? Do you know what a rational number is? What does this have to do with integers? Did you know that they are connected?
First, think about integers.
Integers include positive whole numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
Integers are rational numbers.
A rational number is any number that can be written as the ratio of two integers or you can think of this in fraction form. So, an integer such as 3, which can be written as the ratio
What are some other rational numbers?
A fraction, such as
A terminating decimal, such as 0.1, is also rational because it can be written as the ratio
All integers, fractions, terminating decimals and repeating decimals are rational numbers.
You can solve equations with other rational numbers in them.
Let’s start by looking at solving equations involving decimals.
You will use the same strategy to solve a multistep equation that includes decimals that you would use to solve any other multistep equation. You will first combine like terms or use the distributive property to simplify the equation. Then, you will use inverse operations to isolate the variable on one side of the equation.
Remember back, you will need to remember how to perform operations involving decimals to be effective at solving equations with decimals.
Solve for
First, subtract the like terms—
Notice that 0.5 cannot be combined with
Now, we can solve as we would solve any twostep equation.
The next step is to isolate the term with the variable,
Since
The value of
Exactly, the trickiest part is to remember the rules for adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing decimals. Once you remember those rules, you can apply the rules to working with the equations themselves.
Example A
Solution:
Example B
Solution:
Example C
Solution:
Now let's go back to the dilemma from the beginning of the Concept.
Sam found a bunch of change under his bed. He has a pile of quarters, a pile of dimes and a pile of nickels. He has the same number of quarters, dimes and nickels. When he adds it all up, he has eight dollars and eighty cents.
We want to figure out how many of each coin Sam has collected. Let's use
Here is our equation.
Quarters are worth twentyfive cents, nickels are worth five cents and dimes are worth ten cents. Our operation is addition because Sam figured out the total amount of money.
Now that we have an equation, our next step is to combine like terms.
Next, we divide both sides by .4</math>
Sam has 22 of each type of coin.
Vocabulary
 Integer
 the set of whole numbers and their opposites.
 Rational Numbers
 a set of numbers that includes integers, decimals, fractions, terminating and repeating decimals. These numbers can be written in fraction form.
 Fraction
 a part of a whole written using a numerator and a denominator.
 Decimal
 a part of a whole written using place value and a decimal point.
 Repeating Decimal
 a decimal where the digits repeat in a pattern and eventually end.
 Terminating Decimal
 a decimal where the digits eventually end, but where numbers do not repeat in a pattern.
Guided Practice
Here is one for you to try on your own.
Solve for
Solution
First you can see that we have parentheses in this equation. Apply the distributive property to the left side of the equation. Multiply each of the two numbers inside the parentheses by 0.1 and then subtract those products.
Now, solve as you would solve any twostep equation. To get
To get
The value of
Video Review
Solving TwoStep Equations with Decimals
Practice
Directions: Solve each equation to find the value of the variable.

3.2n+6.5n=38.8 
0.2(3+p)=4.6 
0.09y−0.08y=1.2 
.06x+.05x=.99 
.9x=81 
.6x+1=19 
9.05x=27.15 
.16x+3=3.48 
2.3a+4=15.5 
2(a+4)+.5a=23  \begin{align*}.54y+.16y+.22y = 3.68\end{align*}
 \begin{align*}\frac{x}{.6}=.8\end{align*}
 \begin{align*}\frac{y}{.25}=9\end{align*}
 \begin{align*}.6x .5x + 11 = 12.1\end{align*}
 \begin{align*}.26x + .18x = 3.08\end{align*}
Decimal
In common use, a decimal refers to part of a whole number. The numbers to the left of a decimal point represent whole numbers, and each number to the right of a decimal point represents a fractional part of a power of onetenth. For instance: The decimal value 1.24 indicates 1 whole unit, 2 tenths, and 4 hundredths (commonly described as 24 hundredths).fraction
A fraction is a part of a whole. A fraction is written mathematically as one value on top of another, separated by a fraction bar. It is also called a rational number.Integer
The integers consist of all natural numbers, their opposites, and zero. Integers are numbers in the list ..., 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3...rational number
A rational number is a number that can be expressed as the quotient of two integers, with the denominator not equal to zero.Repeating Decimal
A repeating decimal is a decimal number that ends with a group of digits that repeat indefinitely. 1.666... and 0.9898... are examples of repeating decimals.Terminating Decimal
A terminating decimal is a decimal number that ends. The decimal number 0.25 is an example of a terminating decimal.Image Attributions
Description
Learning Objectives
Here you'll solve multistep equations involving decimals.