## Table of Contents

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- 1. Number Sense and Variable Expressions
This chapter covers the concept of whole numbers and defines the basic order of operations. Students are also introduced to variables and expressions; exponents; and estimation.

- 2. Statistics and Measurement
In this chapter students become familiar with measurements. Also covered are finding the perimeter and area of rectangles, frequency, creating and understanding graphs, and an introduction to the mean, median, mode, range, and central tendency.

- 3. Addition and Subtraction of Decimals
This chapter introduces students to the Decimal System, covering addition and subtraction, rounding and estimation, and ordering decimals as well as introducing stem and leaf Plots.

- 4. Multiplication and Division of Decimals
This chapter furthers a student’s understanding of decimals by introducing methods of multiplication and division. Also covered are the Distributive Property and the use and conversion of metric units.

- 5. Number Patterns and Fractions
This chapter covers prime and composite numbers and factorization. Students will also explore equivalent fractions, how to order fractions, and the relationship between fractions and decimals through methods of conversion.

- 6. Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
This chapter covers the methods needed to add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers. Students are also introduced to measurement of elapsed time and uses of box-and-whisker plots.

- 7. Multiplication and Division of Fractions
This chapter covers the methods needed to multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers. Students are also introduced to using and converting customary units.

- 8. Ratios, Proportions, and Percents
This chapter introduces students to ratios and rates, basic uses of proportions including understanding scale drawings, and percents. Also explored is the relationship among percents, decimals, and fractions.

- 9. Geometric Figures
This chapter covers basic principles of geometry. Students are introduced to angles, triangles, quadrilaterals, and polygons. Also explored are congruent and similar figures, line symmetry, and strategies for using Venn Diagrams to solve problems.

- 10. Geometry and Measurement
This chapter further covers geometric principles through methods for finding the area of parallelograms, triangles, and circles. The student is also introduced to the concepts of solid figures, surface areas, and volumes of prisms and cylinders.

- 11. Integers
When learning about integers, students will learn about positive and negative numbers, adding numbers, sums and differences of integers, multiplication, division, coordinates to name locations, transformations, and all about data displays.

- 12. Equations and Functions; Probability
In this chapter, students will begin learning all about expressions and equations. They will also learn about solving equations, single-variable equations, graphing functions, probability, and how to calculate the probability of independent events.