What Are Organic Compounds?
This chapter explores the motivation for studying organic chemistry and describes the properties of carbon that allow for a large variety of organic compounds.
General Chemistry Background
This chapter reviews some of the basic chemistry concepts needed to understand the other chapters. Topics include intermolecular forces, boiling point, acids and bases, and solubility.
What's in a Name? IUPAC Nomenclature
Some of the organic chemistry naming conventions are presented here. The chapter goes over some of the basic rules for naming alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, as well as a brief introduction to skeletal structure.
Functional Group: Alcohols
This chapter explores the alcohol functional group. The chapter examines some basic physical properties of alcohols, as well as the use of alcohol in hand sanitizers and beverages.
Functional Group: Aldehydes and Ketones
Aldehydes and ketones are explored in this chapter. Topics include physical properties, basic nomenclature, and various applications, including medication, perfumes, baked goods, and disinfectants.
Functional Group: Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids are the focus of this chapter. This chapter will look at some of the physical properties of carboxylic acids and the role of carboxylic acids in exercise, skin care products, medication, and health.
Functional Group: Ethers
This chapter focuses on ethers and the basic properties of ethers. Other topics include using the role of ethers in cocaine production, fuel, nature, toothpaste, and disinfectant.
Functional Group: Esters
Esters are the subject of this chapter. Some of the topics covered include the basic properties of esters, some characteristic scents of esters, the use of esters in cosmetics, and the presence of ethers in space.
Functional Group: Amines
This chapter examines amines and their basic properties, their odors, and roles in human health. Some of the different amines that are discussed include histamine, heterocyclic amines, and aniline.
Functional Group: Benzene
The various properties and applications of benzene are the focus of this chapter. The chapter also discusses the resonance structure of benzene, benzene poisoning, and the 2010 BP oil spill.