- In problems that ask for excess negative or positive charge, remember that each electron has one unit of the fundamental charge e=1.6×10−19C.
- To find the speed of a particle after it traverses a voltage difference, use the equation for the conservation of energy: qΔV=12mv2
- Force and electric field are vectors. Use your vector math skills (i.e. keep the x and y directions separate) when solving two-dimensional problems.
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