6.1: The Area Between Curves
This activity is intended to supplement Calculus, Chapter 5, Lesson 1.
In this activity, you will explore:
- Using integrals to find the area between two curves.
Use this document to record your answers.
Problem 1 – Making Sidewalks
While integrals can be used to find the area under a curve, they can also be used to find the area between curves through subtraction (just make sure the subtraction order is the top curve minus bottom curve.)
Suppose you are a building contractor and need to know how much concrete to order to create a pathway that is
Graph both functions. Adjust the window settings to
Now use the Integral tool from the Math menu to calculate the integrals of
Enter
- What is the value of the integral of
f(x) ? Ofg(x) ?
On the Home screen, define
Hint: the area is equal to the integral of
Note: The nInt command has the syntax: nInt(function, variable, left limit, right limit)
- What is the formula for the volume of the sidewalk?
- Now calculate how much concrete is needed for the pathway.
Problem 2 – Finding New Pathways
The owners have changed the design of the pathway. It will now be modeled from -2 to 2 by:
Graph both functions. Adjust the window settings to
Calculate the integrals of
- What is the value of the integral of
f(x) ? Ofg(x) ? - Now calculate how much concrete is needed for the pathway on the Home screen. Remember to define
f(x) andg(x) .
Problem 3 – Stepping Stones
The owners also want stepping stones, which can be modeled by
This situation different because the starting and stopping points are not given. Assume that the stepping stones are
Graph both functions. Adjust the window settings to
- What are the coordinates for the two intersection points?
Calculate the integrals of
- What is the value of the integral of
f(x) ?g(x) ? - Now calculate how much concrete is needed for the pathway on the Home screen. Remember to define
f(x) andg(x) .
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