# 4.1: Parallel Lines Cut By A Transversal

**At Grade**Created by: CK-12

*This activity is intended to supplement Geometry, Chapter 3, Lesson 2.*

## Problem 1 - Exploring Parallel Lines

In this activity, students will develop and strengthen their knowledge about the angles formed when parallel lines are cut by a transversal. The measurement tool helps them discover the relationships between and among the various angles in the figure. Students will draw parallel lines, draw a transversal, and explore angle relationships.

Press **APPS**. Move down to the **CabriJr** application and press **ENTER**. Press **ENTER**, or any key, to begin using the application.

Press \begin{align*}Y=\end{align*} for the \begin{align*}F1\end{align*} menu and select **New**. (If asked to **Save changes?** press choose “No.”)

Press **WINDOW** for \begin{align*}F2\end{align*}, move to **Line** and press **ENTER**.

Move down and to the left and press **ENTER** to mark one point on the line. Move to the right and press **ENTER** to mark the second point defining the line.

Press **ZOOM** for \begin{align*}F3\end{align*}, move to **Parallel**, and press **ENTER**. Move the pencil until the line is blinking. Press **ENTER** then press \begin{align*}\uparrow\end{align*} until the second line is in the desired location. Press **ENTER** to mark the point through which the parallel line is drawn.

Press **WINDOW** for \begin{align*}F2\end{align*} and select **Line**. Move up and mark a point by pressing **ENTER**. Move down and left and press **ENTER** to mark the second point defining the transversal of the two parallel lines.

Now we will measure angles and explore angle relationships.

Press **GRAPH** for \begin{align*}F5\end{align*}. Move down to **Measure**, then right and down to **Angle** then press **ENTER**. You must select three points to identify the angle. Move the pencil until one of the lines is flashing and press **ENTER** to select a point on that line. Move the pencil until one of the parallel lines and the transversal are both flashing and press **ENTER**. This will mark their intersection as the vertex of the angle. Move the pencil to the other line forming a side of the angle. Press **ENTER** when that line is flashing. Move the measurement to a convenient location. Press **CLEAR** to turn off the hand.

With the angle measuring tool active, measure some of the other angles formed—corresponding, alternate interior, alternate exterior...

Move each measurement to a convenient location. Press **CLEAR** to turn off the hand

Move the pointer to one of the points which defined the location of the transversal. Press **ALPHA** to activate the *hand* and move this point. Observe the angle measures as the position of the transversal changes.

## Problem 2 - Extension

Move the transversal until one of the angles has “crossed over” and observe that you now have consecutive interior angles that are supplementary.

Measure the remaining angles and observe the relationships among the angle measures.

Load a background image of parallel lines but by a transversal with angles named. Instruct students to move their cursors to: the interior, the exterior, to an angle with a specific characteristic (congruent to a given angle, supplementary to a given angle, ...).

Press \begin{align*}2^{nd}\end{align*} **MODE** to exit the application.

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