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Carboxylic Acids

Structure and properties of an organic acid containing a carboxyl group.

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Carboxylic Acids

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Nomenclature

Organic acids all contain a carboxyl group. What is a carboxyl group?

A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains the carboxyl functional group, and its general formula can be abbreviated as -COOH.

The following compounds are carboxylic acids:

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[Figure1]

What is the name of each compound?

  • What's the parent chain?
  • What is the correct suffix?

Properties

Carboxylic acids are all weak acids. What happens to the O-H bond in an aqueous solution?

The smaller members of the aliphatic carboxylic acid series have common characteristics. What are these properties? What are properties of larger carboxylic acids?

There are also aromatic carboxylic acids, which are all crystalline solids.

Carboxylic acids can form intermolecular hydrogen bonds. How does this affect the melting and boiling points? How does the length of the carbon chain affect the compound's solubility?

Carboxylic acids are often found in plants and animals. What are some examples of the uses of carboxylic acids?

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