<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />
Skip Navigation
You are viewing an older version of this Concept. Go to the latest version.

Ponds and Lakes

Ponds and lakes have characteristics; lakes have zonation.

Atoms Practice
Estimated2 minsto complete
Practice Ponds and Lakes
Estimated2 minsto complete
Practice Now
The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald

The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald

Credit: United States Army Corps of Engineers
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edmund_Fitzgerald-USACE.jpg
License: CC BY-NC 3.0

The SS Edmund Fitzgerald capsized in a severe early winter storm in Lake Superior in November 1975. All 29 crew members were all lost. (“The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” is the title of a song about the sinking by Gordon Lightfoot.)

News You Can Use

  • Rough seas certainly contributed to the sinking of the Edmund Fitzgerald.
  • Conditions in Lake Superior often generate a group of three rogue waves.
  • Called “the three sisters,” each wave hits the ship before water from the previous wave drains off. By the third wave in a storm, a dangerous amount of water is on the ship.
  • The captain of a nearby ship said that rogue waves were headed in the direction of the Edmund Fitzgerald just before the ship sank.
  • Rogue waves can also come out of nowhere, even on a clear, calm day.

Can You Apply It?

With the link below, learn more about rogue waves. Then answer the following questions.

  1. Is a ship at sea in more danger from a tsunami or a rogue wave?
  2. How might large waves and currents interact to form rogue waves?
  3. What is one reason that rogue waves could form without a nearby current?
  4. Why have scientists only been certain of rogue waves for about 20 years, but now there is a lot of documentation that they exist?

Image Attributions

  1. [1]^ Credit: United States Army Corps of Engineers; Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Edmund_Fitzgerald-USACE.jpg; License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Explore More

Sign in to explore more, including practice questions and solutions for Ponds and Lakes.
Please wait...
Please wait...