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Principle of Horizontality loading

Sedimentary rocks are laid down horizontally and those that are no longer horizontal have been deformed.

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Levels are CK-12's student achievement levels.
Basic Students matched to this level have a partial mastery of prerequisite knowledge and skills fundamental for proficient work.
At Grade (Proficient) Students matched to this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real-world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to subject matter.
Advanced Students matched to this level are ready for material that requires superior performance and mastery.
  • Read
    Principle of Horizontality

    Principle of Horizontality

    by CK-12 //at grade
    Rules for sedimentary rock formation.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Read
    Principle of Horizontality

    Principle of Horizontality

    by CK-12 //basic
    Rules for sedimentary rock formation.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Read
    Principle of Horizontality

    Principle of Horizontality

    by Jim Doherty, Ph.D. //at grade
    Rules for sedimentary rock formation.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Read
    Principle of Horizontality

    Principle of Horizontality

    by jaya kumar //at grade
    Rules for sedimentary rock formation.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Read
    Principle of Horizontality

    Principle of Horizontality

    by Joe Caffrey //at grade
    Rules for sedimentary rock formation.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Simulation
    Sedimentary Rock Simulation

    Sedimentary Rock Simulation

    by CK-12 //advanced
    Demonstrates how the sedimentary rock filters into layers as it falls.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Video
    Law of Superposition

    Law of Superposition

    by CK-12 //basic
    Explains the law of superposition and the principle of original horizontality. Uses an animation to explain how rock layers can accumulate over time.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Practice
    Principle of Horizontality Practice
    Estimated3 minsto complete

    Principle of Horizontality Practice

    by CK-12 //at grade
     
     
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Critical Thinking
    Principle of Horizontality Discussion Questions

    Principle of Horizontality Discussion Questions

    by CK-12 //at grade
    A list of student-submitted discussion questions for Principle of Horizontality.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Real World Application
    What Formed This Crater?

    What Formed This Crater?

    by CK-12 //basic
    Evidence that Barringer Crater was formed by a meteorite impact includes high pressure minerals, overturned sedimentary rock layers, rock debris and fragments of the meteorite.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Real World Application
    Nicholas Steno

    Nicholas Steno

    by CK-12 //basic
    Nicholas Steno made many contributions to natural science, particularly to stratigraphy and to the idea of uniformitarianism.
    MEMORY METER
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  • Real World Application
    Geo-Careers: Stratigrapher

    Geo-Careers: Stratigrapher

    by CK-12 //basic
    Stratigraphers study sedimentary rock strata to decipher the geological history of a region or to look for natural resources.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Real World Application
    Icy Secrets

    Icy Secrets

    by David Carmichael //at grade
    Using the Antarctic science research being completed by ANDRILL, students will learn through personal scientist accounts how they determine the age of rocks and connect it to Earth's climate history. Students will then manipulate a simulation to see the impact climate change will have on the Antarctic ice sheet.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Real World Application
    Icy Secrets

    Icy Secrets

    by CK-12 //at grade
    Using the Antarctic science research being completed by ANDRILL, students will learn through personal scientist accounts how they determine the age of rocks and connect it to Earth's climate history. Students will then manipulate a simulation to see the impact climate change will have on the Antarctic ice sheet.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Real World Application
    Capitol Reef National Park

    Capitol Reef National Park

    by CK-12 //at grade
    Discover Capitol Reef in Utah where exposed sedimentry rocks reveal the geologic history of the area.
    MEMORY METER
    This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
  • Study Guide
    Principle of Horizontality Study Guide

    Principle of Horizontality Study Guide

    by CK-12 //at grade
    This study guide summarizes the key points of Principle of Horizontality.
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