<img src="https://d5nxst8fruw4z.cloudfront.net/atrk.gif?account=iA1Pi1a8Dy00ym" style="display:none" height="1" width="1" alt="" />

# AA Similarity

## Two triangles are similar if two pairs of angles are congruent.

Estimated7 minsto complete
%
Progress
Practice AA Similarity

MEMORY METER
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Progress
Estimated7 minsto complete
%
AA Similarity

### AA Similarity Postulate

By definition, two triangles are similar if all their corresponding angles are congruent and their corresponding sides are proportional. It is not necessary to check all angles and sides in order to tell if two triangles are similar. In fact, if you only know that two pairs of corresponding angles are congruent that is enough information to know that the triangles are similar. This is called the AA Similarity Postulate.

AA Similarity Postulate: If two angles in one triangle are congruent to two angles in another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.

If AY\begin{align*}\angle A \cong \angle Y\end{align*} and BZ\begin{align*}\angle B \cong \angle Z\end{align*}, then ABCYZX\begin{align*}\triangle ABC \sim \triangle YZX\end{align*}.

What if you were given a pair of triangles and the angle measures for two of their angles? How could you use this information to determine if the two triangles are similar?

### Examples

#### Example 1

Are the triangles similar? If so, write a similarity statement.

Yes, there are three similar triangles that each have a right angle. DGEFGDFDE\begin{align*}DGE \sim FGD \sim FDE\end{align*}.

#### Example 2

Are the triangles similar? If so, write a similarity statement.

By the reflexive property, HH\begin{align*}\angle H \cong \angle H\end{align*}. Because the horizontal lines are parallel, LK\begin{align*}\angle L \cong \angle K\end{align*} (corresponding angles). So yes, there is a pair of similar triangles. HLIHKJ\begin{align*} HLI \sim HKJ\end{align*}.

#### Example 3

Determine if the following two triangles are similar. If so, write the similarity statement.

Compare the angles to see if we can use the AA Similarity Postulate. Using the Triangle Sum Theorem, mG=48\begin{align*}m \angle G = 48^{\circ}\end{align*} and mM=30\begin{align*}m \angle M = 30^\circ\end{align*} So, FM,EL\begin{align*}\angle F \cong \angle M, \angle E \cong \angle L\end{align*} and GN\begin{align*}\angle G \cong \angle N\end{align*} and the triangles are similar. FEGMLN\begin{align*}\triangle FEG \sim \triangle MLN\end{align*}.

#### Example 4

Determine if the following two triangles are similar. If so, write the similarity statement.

Compare the angles to see if we can use the AA Similarity Postulate. Using the Triangle Sum Theorem, mC=39\begin{align*}m \angle C = 39^{\circ}\end{align*} and mF=59\begin{align*}m \angle F = 59^{\circ}\end{align*}. mCmF\begin{align*}m \angle C \neq m \angle F\end{align*}, So ABC\begin{align*}\triangle ABC\end{align*} and DEF\begin{align*}\triangle DEF\end{align*} are not similar.

#### Example 5

LEGMAR\begin{align*}\triangle LEG \sim \triangle MAR\end{align*} by AA. Find GE\begin{align*}GE\end{align*} and MR\begin{align*}MR\end{align*}.

Set up a proportion to find the missing sides.

243248015=MR20=32MR=MR 2432=21GE24GE=672GE=28\begin{align*}\frac{24}{32} &= \frac{MR}{20} && \qquad \ \frac{24}{32} = \frac{21}{GE}\\ 480 &= 32MR && \quad 24GE = 672\\ 15 &= MR && \qquad GE = 28\end{align*}

When two triangles are similar, the corresponding sides are proportional. But, what are the corresponding sides? Using the triangles from this example, we see how the sides line up in the diagram to the right.

### Review

Use the diagram to complete each statement.

1. SAM\begin{align*}\triangle SAM \sim \triangle\end{align*} ______
2. SA?=SM?=?RI\begin{align*}\frac{SA}{?} = \frac{SM}{?} = \frac{?}{RI}\end{align*}
3. SM\begin{align*}SM\end{align*} = ______
4. TR\begin{align*}TR\end{align*} = ______
5. 9?=?8\begin{align*}\frac{9}{?} = \frac{?}{8}\end{align*}

Answer questions 6-9 about trapezoid ABCD\begin{align*}ABCD\end{align*}.

1. Name two similar triangles. How do you know they are similar?
2. Write a true proportion.
3. Name two other triangles that might not be similar.
4. If AB=10,AE=7,\begin{align*}AB = 10, AE = 7,\end{align*} and DC=22\begin{align*}DC = 22\end{align*}, find AC\begin{align*}AC\end{align*}. Be careful!

Use the triangles to the left for questions 10-14.

AB=20,DE=15\begin{align*}AB = 20, DE = 15\end{align*}, and BC=k\begin{align*}BC = k\end{align*}.

1. Are the two triangles similar? How do you know?
2. Write an expression for FE\begin{align*}FE\end{align*} in terms of k\begin{align*}k\end{align*}.
3. If FE=12,\begin{align*}FE = 12,\end{align*}, what is k\begin{align*}k\end{align*}?
4. Fill in the blanks: If an acute angle of a _______ triangle is congruent to an acute angle in another ________ triangle, then the two triangles are _______.
5. Writing How do congruent triangles and similar triangles differ? How are they the same?

Are the following triangles similar? If so, write a similarity statement.

### Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes

### Vocabulary Language: English Spanish

TermDefinition
similar triangles Two triangles where all their corresponding angles are congruent (exactly the same) and their corresponding sides are proportional (in the same ratio).
AA Similarity Postulate If two angles in one triangle are congruent to two angles in another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.
Dilation To reduce or enlarge a figure according to a scale factor is a dilation.
Triangle Sum Theorem The Triangle Sum Theorem states that the three interior angles of any triangle add up to 180 degrees.
Rigid Transformation A rigid transformation is a transformation that preserves distance and angles, it does not change the size or shape of the figure.