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Angle Classification

Categories of angles based on measurements and relationships.

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Practice Angle Classification
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Angle Classification

What if you wanted to group different angles into different categories? After completing this Concept, you'll be able to classify angles geometrically.

Guidance

By looking at the protractor we measure angles from 0\begin{align*}0^\circ\end{align*} to 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. Angles can be classified, or grouped, into four different categories.

Straight Angle: When an angle measures 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. The angle measure of a straight line. The rays that form this angle are called opposite rays.

Right Angle: When an angle measures 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}.

Notice the half-square, marking the angle. This marking is always used to mark right, or 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}, angles.

Acute Angles: Angles that measure between 0\begin{align*}0^\circ\end{align*} and 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}.

Obtuse Angles: Angles that measure between 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} and 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

It is important to note that 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} is NOT an acute angle and 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*} is NOT an obtuse angle.

Any two lines or line segments can intersect to form four angles. If the two lines intersect to form right angles, we say the lines are perpendicular.

The symbol for perpendicular is \begin{align*}\bot\end{align*}, so these two lines would be labeled lm\begin{align*}l \bot m\end{align*} or ACDE\begin{align*}\overleftrightarrow{A C} \bot \overleftrightarrow{D E}\end{align*}.

There are several other ways to label these two intersecting lines. This picture shows two perpendicular lines, four right angles, four 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} angles, and even two straight angles, ABC\begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} and DBE\begin{align*}\angle DBE\end{align*}.

Example A

Name the angle and determine what type of angle it is.

The vertex is U\begin{align*}U\end{align*}. So, the angle can be TUV\begin{align*}\angle TUV\end{align*} or VUT\begin{align*}\angle VUT\end{align*}. To determine what type of angle it is, compare it to a right angle. Because it opens wider than a right angle and less than a straight angle it is obtuse.

Example B

What type of angle is 165\begin{align*}165^\circ\end{align*}?

165\begin{align*}165^\circ\end{align*} is greater than 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}, but less than 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}, so it is obtuse.

Example C

What type of angle is 84\begin{align*}84^\circ\end{align*}?

84\begin{align*}84^\circ\end{align*} is less than 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}, so it is acute.

Watch this video for help with the Examples above.

Vocabulary

A straight angle is when an angle measures 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. A right angle is when an angle measures 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Acute angles are angles that measure between 0\begin{align*}0^\circ\end{align*} and 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Obtuse angles are angles that measure between 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} and 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. If two lines intersect to form right angles, the lines are perpendicular.

Guided Practice

Name each type of angle:

1. 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}

2. \begin{align*} 67^\circ\end{align*}

3. \begin{align*} 180^\circ\end{align*}

1. Right

2. Acute

3. Straight

Practice

For exercises 1-5, determine if the statement is true or false.

1. Two angles always add up to be greater than \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}.
2. \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*} is an obtuse angle.
3. \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*} is a straight angle.
4. Two perpendicular lines intersect to form four right angles.
5. A right angle and an acute angle make an obtuse angle.

For exercises 6-11, state what type of angle it is.

1. \begin{align*}55^\circ\end{align*}
2. \begin{align*}92^\circ\end{align*}
3. \begin{align*}178^\circ\end{align*}
4. \begin{align*}5^\circ\end{align*}
5. \begin{align*}120^\circ\end{align*}
6. \begin{align*}73^\circ\end{align*}
7. Interpret the picture to the right. Write down all equal angles, segments and if any lines are perpendicular.
8. Draw a picture with the following requirements.

In 14 and 15, plot and sketch \begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*}. Classify the angle. Write the coordinates of a point that lies in the interior of the angle.

1. \begin{align*}A(5, -3), B(-3, -1), C(2, 2)\end{align*}
2. \begin{align*}A(-3, 0), B(1, 3), C(5, 0)\end{align*}

Vocabulary Language: English

Acute Angle

Acute Angle

An acute angle is an angle with a measure of less than 90 degrees.
Obtuse angle

Obtuse angle

An obtuse angle is an angle greater than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees.
Perpendicular

Perpendicular

Perpendicular lines are lines that intersect at a $90^{\circ}$ angle. The product of the slopes of two perpendicular lines is -1.
Right Angle

Right Angle

A right angle is an angle equal to 90 degrees.