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Angle Pairs

Understand complementary angles as angles whose sum is 90 degrees and supplementary angles as angles whose sum is 180 degrees.

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Angle Pairs

Let's Think About It

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Lily wants to change the hopscotch design so that each player's foot can only land in half of each box. Her plan is to draw a line from one corner of each box to the diagonal corner of each box. She takes out a protractor to measure half of a corner angle in Box 1. What should be the measure of half of a corner angle?

In this concept, you will learn how to identify and use angle pairs

Guidance

Two angles together are angle pairs. Sometimes, the measures of these angles form a special relationship. One special relationship is called complementary angles. Complementary angles are angle pairs that add up to exactly \begin{align*}90^o\end{align*}. In other words, when put together, the two angles form a right angle.

Below are some pairs of complementary angles.

Supplementary angles are two angles that add up to exactly \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. When put together, the two angles form a straight angle. Take a look at the pairs of supplementary angles below.

Let’s look at two examples.

Classify the following pairs of angles as either complementary or supplementary.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

The sum of the angles in Figure 1 is \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. Therefore these angles are supplementary angles.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

The sum of the angles in Figure 2 is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Therefore these angles are complementary angles.

Remember, complementary angles add up to \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} and supplementary angles add up to \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}

Guided Practice

Solve the following problem by identifying the angle pair as complementary, supplementary or neither.

Angle \begin{align*}A = 36^o\end{align*} , Angle \begin{align*}B = 45^o\end{align*}

First, add the values of the angles.


\begin{align*}36^o + 45^o = 81^o\end{align*}

Next, check to see if the sum is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} or \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

The sum is \begin{align*}81^o\end{align*}.

Then, draw a conclusion.

Neither complementary nor supplementary.

The answer is neither.

Examples

Identify the angle pairs as complementary, supplementary or neither.

Example 1

Angle \begin{align*}A = 23^\circ\end{align*}, Angle \begin{align*}B = 45^\circ\end{align*}

First, add the values of the angles.


\begin{align*}23^o + 45^o = 68^o\end{align*}

Next, check to see if the sum is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} or \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

The sum is\begin{align*}68^o\end{align*}.

Then, draw a conclusion.

Neither complementary nor supplementary.

The answer is neither.

Example 2

Angle \begin{align*}A = 45^\circ\end{align*}, Angle \begin{align*}B = 45^\circ\end{align*}

First, add the values of the angles.


\begin{align*}45^o + 45^o = 90^o\end{align*}

Next, check to see if the sum is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} or \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

The sum is\begin{align*}90^o\end{align*}.

Then, draw a conclusion.

The angles are complementary.

The answer is complementary angles.

Example 3

Angle \begin{align*}A = 103^\circ\end{align*}, Angle \begin{align*}B = 77^\circ\end{align*}

First, add the values of the angles.


\begin{align*}103^o + 77^o = 180^o\end{align*}

Next, check to see if the sum is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*} or \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

The sum is \begin{align*}180^o\end{align*}.

Then, draw a conclusion.

The angles are supplementary.

The answer is supplementary angles.

Follow Up

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Remember Lily wants to divide the spaces in half by drawing a line from one corner to the diagonal corner. Lily needs to figure out the value of half of a corner angle. If she divides a \begin{align*}90^o\end{align*}angle in half, what type of angles will she form? What will be the value of those angles? 

First, what type of angle pair equals \begin{align*}90^o\end{align*}?

Complementary angles

Next, what is the value of half of \begin{align*}90^o\end{align*}?

 \begin{align*}45^o\end{align*}

Then, write the size of each angle.

 \begin{align*}45^o, 45^o\end{align*}

The answer is that Lily will create complementary angles that each have a measure of  \begin{align*}45^o\end{align*} .

Video Review

Explore More

Identify whether the pairs below are complementary, supplementary or neither.

1.

2.

3.

4. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}

5. Angle \begin{align*}A = 90^\circ\end{align*} Angle \begin{align*}B\end{align*} is \begin{align*}45^\circ\end{align*}

6. Angle \begin{align*}C = 125^\circ\end{align*} Angle \begin{align*}B = 55^\circ\end{align*}

7. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}

8. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}245^\circ\end{align*}

9. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}80^\circ\end{align*}

10. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}

11. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}55^\circ\end{align*}

12. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}120^\circ\end{align*}

13. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}95^\circ\end{align*}

14. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}201^\circ\end{align*}

15. An angle pair whose sum is \begin{align*}190^\circ\end{align*}

Answers for Explore More Problems

To view the Explore More answers, open this PDF file and look for section 8.2. 

Vocabulary

Acute Angle

Acute Angle

An acute angle is an angle with a measure of less than 90 degrees.
Angle Pairs

Angle Pairs

An angle pair is composed of two angles whose sum may add up to 180 degrees or 90 degrees.
Complementary angles

Complementary angles

Complementary angles are a pair of angles with a sum of 90^{\circ}.
Degree

Degree

A degree is a unit for measuring angles in a circle. There are 360 degrees in a circle.
Obtuse angle

Obtuse angle

An obtuse angle is an angle greater than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees.
Riemann sum

Riemann sum

A Riemann sum is an approximation of the area under a curve, calculated by dividing the region up into shapes that approximate the space.
Supplementary angles

Supplementary angles

Supplementary angles are two angles whose sum is 180 degrees.

Image Attributions

  1. [1]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0
  2. [2]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0
  3. [3]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0
  4. [4]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0

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