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Angle Pairs

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Remember the trip to the art museum from the Angle Classification Concept? Well, previously we worked on identifying different types of angles in the stained glass. Now the students are going to need to identify angle pairs. These angle pairs can also be found in the stained glass. Here is the stained glass once again.

In this Concept, you will learn all about angle pairs. Pay close attention and you will be able to find these pairs at the end of the Concept.

Guidance

When we have two angles together, we can say that we have angle pairs. Sometimes, the measures of these angles add up to form a special relationship. Sometimes they don’t. There are two special angle pair relationships for you to learn about. The first one is called complementary angles and the second one is called supplementary angles.

Complementary angles are two angles whose measurements add up to exactly 90^\circ . In other words, when we put them together they make a right angle. Below are some pairs of complementary angles.

Supplementary angles are two angles whose measurements add up to exactly 180^\circ . When we put them together, they form a straight angle. Take a look at the pairs of supplementary angles below.

Let’s practice classifying some pairs of angles.

Classify the following pairs of angles as either complementary or supplementary.

The sum of the angles in Figure 1 is 180^\circ . Therefore these angles are supplementary angles.

The sum of the angles in Figure 2 is 90^\circ . Therefore these angles are complementary angles.

Remember, complementary angles add up to 90^\circ and supplementary angles add up to 180^\circ . In order to classify the pairs as complementary or supplementary, we need to add the measures of the angles in each pair together to find out the total.

Now it's your turn to try a few. Identify the angle pairs as complementary, supplementary or neither.

Example A

Angle A = 23^\circ , Angle B = 45^\circ

Solution: Neither

Example B

Angle A = 45^\circ , Angle B = 45^\circ

Solution: Complementary

Example C

Angle A = 103^\circ , Angle B = 77^\circ

Solution: Supplementary

Now that you have learned about angle pairs. Look at the stained glass once again.

Write down or draw a copy of the stained glass in your notebook. Then identify the angle pairs that you can find. When you have done this, discuss your findings with a friend.

Vocabulary

Acute Angle
an angle whose measure is less than 90^\circ .
Obtuse Angle
an angle whose measure is greater than 90^\circ .
Right Angle
an angle whose measure is equal to 90^\circ .
Straight Angle
an angle whose measure is equal to 180^\circ .
Degrees
how an angle is measured.
Angle Pairs
when the measures of two angles are added together to form a special relationship.
Supplementary Angles
angle pairs whose sum is 180^\circ .
Complementary Angles
angle pairs whose sum is 90^\circ .

Guided Practice

Here is one for you to try on your own.

Are angles X and Y complementary or supplementary?

Answer

The question asks us to classify angles X and Y as either complementary or supplementary. Look at the figure. This time we do not know the measures of any of the angles. Can we still answer the question?

We can. We know that complementary angles add up to 90^\circ and supplementary angles add up to 180^\circ . We also know that 90^\circ is a right angle and that 180^\circ is a straight angle. Now take a good look at angles X and Y . If we put them together as a whole, do they form a right angle or a straight angle? They form a straight angle, so they must be supplementary.

Video Review

This is a James Sousa video on the types of angles.

Practice

Directions: Identify whether the pairs below are complementary or supplementary or neither.

1.

2.

3.

4. An angle pair whose sum is 180^\circ

5. Angle A = 90^\circ Angle B is 45^\circ

6. Angle C = 125^\circ Angle B = 55^\circ

7. An angle pair whose sum is 180^\circ

8. An angle pair whose sum is 245^\circ

9. An angle pair whose sum is 80^\circ

10. An angle pair whose sum is 90^\circ

11. An angle pair whose sum is 55^\circ

12. An angle pair whose sum is 120^\circ

13. An angle pair whose sum is 95^\circ

14. An angle pair whose sum is 201^\circ

15. An angle pair whose sum is 190^\circ

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