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# Complementary Angles

## Two angles that add to 90 degrees.

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Complementary Angles

What if you knew that two angles together made a right angle? After completing this Concept, you'll be able to use what you know about complementary angles to solve problems about these angles.

### Watch This

CK-12 Foundation: Chapter1ComplementaryAnglesA

James Sousa: Complementary Angles

### Guidance

Two angles are complementary when they add up to \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Complementary angles do not have to be congruent to each other, nor do they have to be next to each other.

#### Example A

The two angles below are complementary. \begin{align*}m \angle GHI = x\end{align*}. What is \begin{align*}x\end{align*}?

Because the two angles are complementary, they add up to \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Make an equation.

#### Example B

The two angles below are complementary. Find the measure of each angle.

Again, the two angles add up to \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. Make an equation.

However, this is not what the question asks for. You need to plug \begin{align*}r\end{align*} back into each expression to find each angle.

For \begin{align*}m \angle GHI\end{align*}: \begin{align*}8(5.1^\circ) + 9^\circ = 49.8^\circ\end{align*}, so \begin{align*}m \angle GHI \approx 49.8^\circ\end{align*}.

For \begin{align*}m \angle JKL\end{align*}: \begin{align*}7(5.1^\circ) + 5^\circ = 40.7^\circ\end{align*}, so \begin{align*}m \angle JKL \approx 40.7^\circ\end{align*}.

#### Example C

Name one pair of complementary angles in the diagram below.

One example is \begin{align*} \angle INJ\end{align*} and \begin{align*} \angle JNK\end{align*}.

Watch this video for help with the Examples above.

CK-12 Foundation: Chapter1ComplementaryAnglesB

### Guided Practice

Find the measure of an angle that is complementary to \begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} if \begin{align*}m \angle ABC\end{align*} is

1. \begin{align*}45^\circ\end{align*}
2. \begin{align*}82^\circ\end{align*}
3. \begin{align*}19^\circ\end{align*}
4. \begin{align*}z^\circ\end{align*}

1. \begin{align*}45^\circ\end{align*}

2. \begin{align*}8^\circ\end{align*}

3. \begin{align*}71^\circ\end{align*}

4. \begin{align*}90-z^\circ\end{align*}

### Explore More

Find the measure of an angle that is complementary to \begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} if \begin{align*}m\angle ABC\end{align*} is:

1. \begin{align*}3^\circ\end{align*}
2. \begin{align*}82^\circ\end{align*}
3. \begin{align*}51^\circ\end{align*}
4. \begin{align*}30^\circ\end{align*}
5. \begin{align*}22^\circ\end{align*}
6. \begin{align*}(x+y)^\circ\end{align*}
7. \begin{align*}x^\circ\end{align*}

Use the diagram below for exercises 8-9. Note that \begin{align*}\overline{NK} \perp \overleftrightarrow{IL}\end{align*}.

1. If \begin{align*}m\angle INJ = 60^\circ\end{align*}, find \begin{align*}m\angle KNJ\end{align*}.
2. If \begin{align*}m\angle INJ = 70^\circ\end{align*}, find \begin{align*}m\angle KNJ\end{align*}.

For 10-15, determine if the statement is true or false.

1. Complementary angles add up to \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.
2. Complementary angles are always \begin{align*}45^\circ\end{align*}.
3. Complementary angles are always next to each other.
4. Complementary angles add up to \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}.
5. Two angles that make a right angle are complementary.
6. The two non-right angles in a right triangle are complementary.

### Answers for Explore More Problems

To view the Explore More answers, open this PDF file and look for section 1.7.