What if you were presented with an equilateral triangle and told that its sides measure *x*, *y*, and 8? What could you conclude about *x* and *y*? After completing this Concept, you'll be able to apply important properties about equilateral triangles to help you solve problems like this one.

### Watch This

Watch this video first.

James Sousa: Constructing an Equilateral Triangle

Now watch this video.

James Sousa: Equilateral Triangles Theorem

Finally, watch this video.

James Sousa: Using the Properties of Equilateral Triangles

### Guidance

All sides in an **equilateral triangle** have the same length. One important property of equilateral triangles is that all of their angles are congruent (and thus **Equilateral Triangle Theorem** and can be derived from the **Base Angles Theorem**.

**Equilateral Triangle Theorem:** All equilateral triangles are also equiangular. Furthermore, all equiangular triangles are also equilateral.

If

#### Example A

Find the value of

**Solution:** Because this is an equilateral triangle

#### Example B

Find the values of

The markings show that this is an equilateral triangle since all sides are congruent. This means all sides must equal

#### Example C

Two sides of an equilateral triangle are

The two given sides must be equal because this is an equilateral triangle. Write and solve the equation for

To figure out how long each side is, plug in

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### Guided Practice

1. Find the measure of

2. Fill in the proof:

Given: Equilateral

Prove:

Statement |
Reason |
---|---|

1. | 1. Given |

2. | 2. Base Angles Theorem |

3. | 3. Base Angles Theorem |

4. | 4. Transitive PoC |

5. |
5. |

3. True or false: All equilateral triangles are isosceles triangles.

**Answers:**

1. The markings show that all angles are congruent. Since all three angles must add up to

2.

Statement |
Reason |
---|---|

1. |
1. Given |

2. |
2. Base Angles Theorem |

3. |
3. Base Angles Theorem |

4. |
4. Transitive PoC |

5. |
5. Definition of equiangular. |

3. This statement is true. The definition of an isosceles triangle is a triangle with at least two congruent sides. Since all equilateral triangles have three congruent sides, they fit the definition of an isosceles triangle.

### Explore More

The following triangles are equilateral triangles. Solve for the unknown variables.

- Find the measures of
x andy .

### Answers for Explore More Problems

To view the Explore More answers, open this PDF file and look for section 4.11.