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# Indirect Measurement

## Measurement using similar triangles.

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Practice Indirect Measurement

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Mighty Measurements

Credit: Guillaume Rouille
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thales_of_Miletus.jpg

Have you ever heard of Thales of Miletus? Born in 624 BCE, he was a Greek philosopher and mathematician who used indirect measurement to figure out the height of the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Do you have an idea of how he managed to do this?

#### News You Can Use

Around 2,600 years ago, Thales of Miletus discovered that the shadows cast by the towering pyramids in Egypt were in proportion to his own shadow. With this realization, he saw that he could determine the height of the Great Pyramid if he worked with similar triangles.

Credit: Francisco Anzola
Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fran001/2347859542/

He used the following proportion to figure out the height of the Great Pyramid:

man heightman shadow=pyramid heightpyramid shadow\begin{align*}\frac{\text{man height}}{\text{man shadow}}=\frac{\text{pyramid height}}{\text{pyramid shadow}}\end{align*}

By solving this proportion, Thales went on to prove that with indirect measurement, humans were capable of measuring colossal objects, regardless of their height.

#### Explore More

Watch the first video to learn more about the accomplishments of Thales of Miletus. Watch the next clip to further explore indirect measurement.

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