Interior Angles in Convex Polygons
The interior angle of a polygon is one of the angles on the inside, as shown in the picture below. A polygon has the same number of interior angles as it does sides.
The sum of the interior angles in a polygon depends on the number of sides it has. The Polygon Sum Formula states that for any \begin{align*}n-\end{align*}gon, the interior angles add up to \begin{align*}(n - 2) \times 180^\circ.\end{align*}
\begin{align*}\rightarrow n = 8& \\ (8 - 2) & \times 180^\circ\\ 6 & \times 180^\circ\\ 1& 080^\circ\end{align*}
Once you know the sum of the interior angles in a polygon it is easy to find the measure of ONE interior angle if the polygon is regular: all sides are congruent and all angles are congruent. Just divide the sum of the angles by the number of sides.
Regular Polygon Interior Angle Formula: For any equiangular \begin{align*}n-\end{align*}gon, the measure of each angle is \begin{align*}\frac{(n-2) \times 180^\circ}{n}\end{align*}.
In the picture below, if all eight angles are congruent then each angle is \begin{align*}\frac{(8 - 2) \times 180^\circ}{8} = \frac{6 \times 180^\circ}{8} = \frac{1080^\circ}{8} = 135^\circ\end{align*}.
What if you were given an equiangular seven-sided convex polygon? How could you determine the measure of its interior angles?
Examples
Example 1
The interior angles of a pentagon are \begin{align*}x^\circ, x^\circ, 2x^\circ, 2x^\circ,\end{align*} and \begin{align*}2x^\circ\end{align*}. What is \begin{align*}x\end{align*}?
From the Polygon Sum Formula we know that a pentagon has interior angles that sum to \begin{align*}(5-2) \times 180^\circ=540^\circ\end{align*}.
Write an equation and solve for \begin{align*}x\end{align*}.
\begin{align*} x^\circ + x^\circ + 2x^\circ + 2x^\circ + 2x^\circ&=540^\circ\\ 8x&=540\\x&=67.5\end{align*}
Example 2
What is the sum of the interior angles in a 100-gon?
Use the Polygon Sum Formula. \begin{align*}(100-2) \times 180^\circ=17,640^\circ\end{align*}.
Example 3
The interior angles of a polygon add up to \begin{align*}1980^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does it have?
Use the Polygon Sum Formula and solve for \begin{align*}n\end{align*}.
\begin{align*}(n - 2) \times 180^\circ & = 1980^\circ\\ 180^\circ n - 360^\circ & = 1980^\circ\\ 180^\circ n & = 2340^\circ\\ n & = 13\end{align*}
The polygon has 13 sides.
Example 4
How many degrees does each angle in an equiangular nonagon have?
First we need to find the sum of the interior angles; set \begin{align*}n = 9.\end{align*}
\begin{align*}(9 - 2) \times 180^\circ = 7 \times 180^\circ = 1260^\circ\end{align*}
“Equiangular” tells us every angle is equal. So, each angle is \begin{align*}\frac{1260^\circ}{9} = 140^\circ\end{align*}.
Example 5
An interior angle in a regular polygon is \begin{align*}135^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does this polygon have?
Here, we will set the Regular Polygon Interior Angle Formula equal to \begin{align*}135^\circ\end{align*} and solve for \begin{align*}n\end{align*}.
\begin{align*}\frac{(n - 2) \times 180^\circ}{n} & = 135^\circ\\ 180^\circ n - 360^\circ & = 135^\circ n\\ -360^\circ & = -45^\circ n\\ n & = 8 \qquad \quad \text{The polygon is an octagon}.\end{align*}
Review
- Fill in the table.
# of sides | Sum of the Interior Angles | Measure of Each Interior Angle in a Regular \begin{align*}n-\end{align*}gon | |
---|---|---|---|
3 | \begin{align*}60^\circ\end{align*} | ||
4 | \begin{align*}360^\circ\end{align*} | ||
5 | \begin{align*}540^\circ\end{align*} | \begin{align*}108^\circ\end{align*} | |
6 | \begin{align*}120^\circ\end{align*} | ||
7 | |||
8 | |||
9 | |||
10 | |||
11 | |||
12 |
- What is the sum of the angles in a 15-gon?
- What is the sum of the angles in a 23-gon?
- The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is \begin{align*}4320^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does the polygon have?
- The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is \begin{align*}3240^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does the polygon have?
- What is the measure of each angle in a regular 16-gon?
- What is the measure of each angle in an equiangular 24-gon?
- Each interior angle in a regular polygon is \begin{align*}156^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does it have?
- Each interior angle in an equiangular polygon is \begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}. How many sides does it have?
For questions 10-18, find the value of the missing variable(s).
- The interior angles of a hexagon are \begin{align*}x^\circ, (x + 1)^\circ, (x + 2)^\circ, (x + 3)^\circ, (x + 4)^\circ,\end{align*} and \begin{align*}(x + 5)^\circ.\end{align*} What is \begin{align*}x\end{align*}?
Review (Answers)
To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 6.1.