What if you were looking at a map that showed four parallel streets (A, B, C, and D) cut by two avenues, or transversals, (1 and 2)? How could you determine the distance you would have to travel down Avenue 2 to reach Street C from Street B given the distance down Avenue 1 from Street A to Street B, the distance down Avenue 1 from Street B to C, and the distance down Avenue 2 from Street A to B? After completing this Concept, you'll be able to solve problems like this one.

### Watch This

CK-12 Foundation: Parallel Lines and Transversals

### Guidance

The **Triangle Proportionality Theorem** states that if a line parallel to one side of a triangle intersects the other two sides, then it divides those sides proportionally. We can extend this theorem to a situation outside of triangles where we have multiple parallel lines cut by transversals.

**Theorem:** If two or more parallel lines are cut by two transversals, then they divide the transversals proportionally.

If

Note that this theorem works for ** any** number of parallel lines with

**number of transversals. When this happens, all corresponding segments of the transversals are proportional.**

*any*#### Example A

Find

The three lines are marked parallel, so to solve, set up a proportion.

#### Example B

Find

To solve, set up a proportion.

#### Example C

Find the value of

To solve, set up a proportion and solve for

CK-12 Foundation: Parallel Lines and Transversals

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### Guided Practice

1. Find

2. Below is a street map of part of Washington DC.

3. Find the value of

**Answers:**

1. Line up the segments that are opposite each other.

2. To find

From this,

3. Set up a proportion using the parallel lines and solve the equation for

### Explore More

Find the value of each variable in the pictures below.

The street map shows part of New Orleans. Burgundy St., Dauphine St. and Royal St. are parallel to each other. If Spain St. is perpendicular to all three, find the indicated distances.

- What is the distance between points
A andB ? - What is the distance between points
C andD ? - What is the distance between points
A andD ?

Using the diagram, answer the questions.

- What is the value of
w ? - What is the value of
x ? - What is the value of
y ? - What is the length of
AB¯¯¯¯¯ ? - What is the length of
AC¯¯¯¯¯ ?

Using the diagram, fill in the blank.

- If
b is one-thirdd , thena is ____________________. - If
c is two timesa , thenb is ____________________.