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Same Side Interior Angles

Angles on the same side of a transversal and inside the lines it intersects.

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Same Side Interior Angles

Same Side Interior Angles

Same side interior angles are two angles that are on the same side of the transversal and on the interior of (between) the two lines.

Same Side Interior Angles Theorem: If two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, then the same side interior angles are supplementary.

If \begin{align*}l || m\end{align*}, then \begin{align*}m\angle 1 + m\angle 2 = 180^\circ\end{align*}.

Converse of the Same Side Interior Angles Theorem: If two lines are cut by a transversal and the same side interior angles are supplementary, then the lines are parallel.

If then \begin{align*}l || m\end{align*}.

What if you were presented with two angles that are on the same side of a transversal and between the two parallel lines crossed by the transversal? How would you describe these angles and what could you conclude about their measures? 

 

 

Examples

Example 1

Is \begin{align*}l || m\end{align*}? How do you know?

These angles are Same Side Interior Angles. So, if they add up to \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}, then \begin{align*}l || m\end{align*}.

\begin{align*}130^\circ + 67^\circ = 197^\circ\end{align*}, therefore the lines are not parallel.

Example 2

Give two examples of same side interior angles in the diagram:

There are MANY examples of same side interior angles in the diagram. Two are \begin{align*}\angle 6\end{align*} and \begin{align*} \angle 10\end{align*}, and \begin{align*}\angle 8\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\angle 12\end{align*}.

Example 3

Find the value of \begin{align*}x\end{align*}.

The given angles are same side interior angles. Because the lines are parallel, the angles add up to \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

\begin{align*}(2x+43)^\circ + (2x-3)^\circ & = 180^\circ\\ (4x+40)^\circ & = 180^\circ\\ 4x & = 140\\ x & =35\end{align*}

Example 4

Find the value of \begin{align*}y\end{align*}.

\begin{align*}y\end{align*} is a same side interior angle with the marked right angle. This means that \begin{align*}90^\circ +y=180\end{align*} so \begin{align*}y=90\end{align*}.

Example 5

Find the value of \begin{align*}x\end{align*} if \begin{align*}m\angle 3 = (3x +12)^\circ\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\ m\angle 5 = (5x + 8)^\circ\end{align*}.

These are same side interior angles, so set up an equation and solve for \begin{align*}x\end{align*}. Remember that same side interior angles add up to \begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

\begin{align*}(3x+12)^\circ+(5x+8)^\circ&=180^\circ\\ (8x+20)^\circ&=180^\circ\\ 8x&=160\\x&=20\end{align*}

Review

For questions 1-2, use the diagram to determine if each angle pair is congruent, supplementary or neither.

  1. \begin{align*}\angle 5\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\angle 8\end{align*}
  2. \begin{align*}\angle 2\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\angle 3\end{align*}
  3. Are the lines parallel? Justify your answer.

In 4-5, use the given information to determine which lines are parallel. If there are none, write none. Consider each question individually.

  1. \begin{align*}\angle AFD\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\angle BDF\end{align*} are supplementary
  2. \begin{align*}\angle DIJ\end{align*} and \begin{align*}\angle FJI\end{align*} are supplementary

For 6-8, what does the value of \begin{align*}x\end{align*} have to be to make the lines parallel?

  1. \begin{align*}m\angle 3 = (3x+25)^\circ\end{align*} and \begin{align*}m\angle 5 = (4x-55)^\circ\end{align*}
  2. \begin{align*}m\angle 4 = (2x+15)^\circ\end{align*} and \begin{align*}m\angle 6 = (3x-5)^\circ\end{align*}
  3. \begin{align*}m\angle 3 = (x+17)^\circ\end{align*} and \begin{align*}m\angle 5 = (3x-5)^\circ\end{align*}

For 9-10, determine whether the statement is true or false.

  1. Same side interior angles are on the same side of the transversal.
  2. Same side interior angles are congruent when lines are parallel.

Review (Answers)

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 3.6. 

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Vocabulary

same side interior angles

Same side interior angles are two angles that are on the same side of the transversal and on the interior of the two lines.

supplementary angles

Two angles that add up to 180^\circ.

transversal

A line that intersects two other lines.

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