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Sine, Cosine, Tangent

Trigonometric ratios based on sides of right triangles in relation to an angle.

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Sine, Cosine, Tangent
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Vocabulary

Acute Angle

Acute Angle

An acute angle is an angle with a measure of less than 90 degrees.
Adjacent Angles

Adjacent Angles

Two angles are adjacent if they share a side and vertex. The word 'adjacent' means 'beside' or 'next-to'.
Hypotenuse

Hypotenuse

The hypotenuse of a right triangle is the longest side of the right triangle. It is across from the right angle.
Legs of a Right Triangle

Legs of a Right Triangle

The legs of a right triangle are the two shorter sides of the right triangle. Legs are adjacent to the right angle.
opposite

opposite

The opposite of a number x is -x. A number and its opposite always sum to zero.
Pythagorean Theorem

Pythagorean Theorem

The Pythagorean Theorem is a mathematical relationship between the sides of a right triangle, given by a^2 + b^2 = c^2, where a and b are legs of the triangle and c is the hypotenuse of the triangle.
Radical

Radical

The \sqrt{}, or square root, sign.
sine

sine

The sine of an angle in a right triangle is a value found by dividing the length of the side opposite the given angle by the length of the hypotenuse.
Trigonometric Ratios

Trigonometric Ratios

Ratios that help us to understand the relationships between sides and angles of right triangles.

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