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# Supplementary Angles

## Two angles that add to 180 degrees.

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Practice Supplementary Angles
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Supplementary Angles

### Supplementary Angles

Two angles are supplementary if they add up to 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. Supplementary angles do not have to be congruent or adjacent.

What if you were given two angles of unknown size and were told they are supplementary? How would you determine their angle measures?

### Examples

#### Example 1

Find the measure of an angle that is supplementary to ABC\begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} if mABC\begin{align*}m\angle ABC\end{align*} is 118\begin{align*}118^\circ\end{align*}.

180118=62\begin{align*}180^\circ-118^\circ=62^\circ\end{align*}.

#### Example 2

Find the measure of an angle that is supplementary to ABC\begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} if mABC\begin{align*}m\angle ABC\end{align*} is 32\begin{align*}32^\circ\end{align*}.

18032=148\begin{align*}180^\circ-32^\circ=148^\circ\end{align*}.

#### Example 3

The two angles below are supplementary. If mMNO=78\begin{align*}m\angle MNO = 78^\circ\end{align*} what is mPQR\begin{align*}m\angle PQR\end{align*}?

Set up an equation. However, instead of equaling 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}, now the sum is 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

78+mPQRmPQR=180=102\begin{align*}78^\circ + m\angle PQR & = 180^\circ\\ m\angle PQR & = 102^\circ\end{align*}

#### Example 4

What are the measures of two congruent, supplementary angles?

Supplementary angles add up to 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}. Congruent angles have the same measure. So, 180÷2=90\begin{align*}180^\circ \div 2 = 90^\circ\end{align*}, which means two congruent, supplementary angles are right angles, or 90\begin{align*}90^\circ\end{align*}.

#### Example 5

Find the measure of an angle that is a supplementary to MRS\begin{align*}\angle MRS\end{align*} if mMRS\begin{align*} m\angle MRS\end{align*} is 70\begin{align*} 70^\circ\end{align*}.

Because supplementary angles have to add up to 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}, the other angle must be 18070=110\begin{align*}180^\circ-70^\circ=110^\circ\end{align*}.

### Review

Find the measure of an angle that is supplementary to ABC\begin{align*}\angle ABC\end{align*} if mABC\begin{align*}m\angle ABC\end{align*} is:

1. 114\begin{align*}114^\circ\end{align*}
2. 11\begin{align*}11^\circ\end{align*}
3. 91\begin{align*}91^\circ\end{align*}
4. 84\begin{align*}84^\circ\end{align*}
5. 57\begin{align*}57^\circ\end{align*}
6. x\begin{align*}x^\circ\end{align*}
7. (x+y)\begin{align*}(x+y)^\circ\end{align*}

Use the diagram below for exercises 8-9. Note that NK¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯IL\begin{align*}\overline{NK} \perp \overleftrightarrow{IL}\end{align*}.

1. Name two supplementary angles.
1. If mINJ=63\begin{align*}m\angle INJ = 63^\circ\end{align*}, find mJNL\begin{align*}m\angle JNL\end{align*}.

For exercise 10, determine if the statement is true or false.

1. Supplementary angles add up to 180\begin{align*}180^\circ\end{align*}.

For 11-12, find the value of x\begin{align*}x\end{align*}.

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 1.8.

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### Vocabulary Language: English

Supplementary angles

Supplementary angles are two angles whose sum is 180 degrees.