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# Surface Area and Volume of Cones

## Solids with a circular base and sides that taper up to a common vertex.

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Cones

### Cones

A cone is a solid with a circular base and sides that taper up towards a vertex. A cone is generated from rotating a right triangle, around one leg. A cone has a slant height.

#### Surface Area

Surface area is a two-dimensional measurement that is the total area of all surfaces that bound a solid. The basic unit of area is the square unit. For the surface area of a cone we need the sum of the area of the base and the area of the sides.

Surface Area of a Right Cone: SA=πr2+πrl\begin{align*}SA=\pi r^2+\pi rl\end{align*}.

Area of the base: πr2\begin{align*}\pi r^2\end{align*}

Area of the sides: πrl\begin{align*}\pi rl\end{align*}

#### Volume

To find the volume of any solid you must figure out how much space it occupies. The basic unit of volume is the cubic unit.

Volume of a Cone: V=13πr2h\begin{align*}V=\frac{1}{3} \pi r^2 h\end{align*}.

What if you were given a three-dimensional solid figure with a circular base and sides that taper up towards a vertex? How could you determine how much two-dimensional and three-dimensional space that figure occupies?

### Examples

#### Example 1

The surface area of a cone is 36π\begin{align*}36 \pi\end{align*} and the radius is 4 units. What is the slant height?

Plug what you know into the formula for the surface area of a cone and solve for l\begin{align*}l\end{align*}.

36π36205=π42+π4l=16+4lWhen each term has a π, they cancel out.=4l=l\begin{align*}36 \pi &= \pi 4^2+\pi 4l\\ 36 &= 16+4l \qquad When \ each \ term \ has \ a \ \pi, \ they \ cancel \ out.\\ 20 &= 4l\\ 5 &= l\end{align*}

#### Example 2

The volume of a cone is 484π cm3\begin{align*}484 \pi \ cm^3\end{align*} and the height is 12 cm. What is the radius?

Plug what you know to the volume formula.

484π12111 cm=13πr2(12)=r2=r\begin{align*}484 \pi &= \frac{1}{3} \pi r^2 (12)\\ 121 &= r^2\\ 11 \ cm &= r\end{align*}

#### Example 3

What is the surface area of the cone?

First, we need to find the slant height. Use the Pythagorean Theorem.

l2l=92+212=81+441=52222.85\begin{align*}l^2 &= 9^2+21^2\\ &= 81+441\\ l &= \sqrt{522} \approx 22.85\end{align*}

The total surface area, then, is SA=π92+π(9)(22.85)900.54 units2\begin{align*}SA=\pi 9^2+\pi (9)(22.85) \approx 900.54 \ units^2\end{align*}.

#### Example 4

Find the volume of the cone.

First, we need the height. Use the Pythagorean Theorem.

52+h2hV=152=200=102=13(52)(102)π370.24 units3\begin{align*}5^2+h^2 &=15^2\\ h &= \sqrt{200}=10\sqrt{2}\\ V &= \frac{1}{3}(5^2)\left(10\sqrt{2}\right) \pi \approx 370.24 \ units^3\end{align*}

#### Example 5

Find the volume of the cone.

We can use the same volume formula. Find the radius.

V=13π(32)(6)=18π56.55 units3\begin{align*}V=\frac{1}{3} \pi (3^2)(6)=18 \pi \approx 56.55 \ units^3\end{align*}

### Review

Use the cone to fill in the blanks.

1. v\begin{align*}v\end{align*} is the ___________.
2. The height of the cone is ______.
3. x\begin{align*}x\end{align*} is a __________ and it is the ___________ of the cone.
4. w\begin{align*}w\end{align*} is the _____________ ____________.

1. Draw a right cone with a radius of 5 cm and a height of 15 cm. What is the slant height?

Find the slant height, l\begin{align*}l\end{align*}, of one lateral face in the cone. Round your answer to the nearest hundredth.

Find the surface area and volume of the right cones. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.

1. If the lateral surface area of a cone is 30π cm2\begin{align*}30 \pi \ cm^2\end{align*} and the radius is 5 cm, what is the slant height?
2. If the surface area of a cone is 105π cm2\begin{align*}105 \pi \ cm^2\end{align*} and the slant height is 8 cm, what is the radius?
3. If the volume of a cone is 30π cm3\begin{align*}30 \pi \ cm^3\end{align*} and the radius is 5 cm, what is the height?
4. If the volume of a cone is 105π cm3\begin{align*}105 \pi \ cm^3\end{align*} and the height is 35 cm, what is the radius?

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 11.6.

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### Vocabulary Language: English Spanish

cone

is a solid with a circular base and sides that taper up towards a vertex. A cone has a slant height. {{Inline image |source=Image:geo-11-03-06.png|size=115px}}

Slant Height

The slant height is the height of a lateral face of a pyramid.

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