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# Tangent Identification

## Function of an angle equal to the opposite leg over the adjacent leg of a right triangle.

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Practice Tangent Identification
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Understanding Tangents

Have you ever built a ramp? Do you know how to use angles and side lengths with ratios? Take a look at this dilemma.

Karen is building a ramp. She has a height, a base and a point drawn in her design. She is wondering what the tangent of the angle would be if the height of the ramp is 2.5 feet and the base is 6 feet? Here is a picture of her ramp drawing. She needs to find the tangent of .

Do you know how to figure this out?

Pay attention and you will learn how to answer this question by the end of the Concept.

### Guidance

One way to analyze right triangles is through trigonometric ratios.

These trigonometric ratios help us to understand the proportions between the sides and the angles.

Let's look at a trigonometric ratio called a tangent.

The tangent is the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side of an angle.

The hypotenuse is not involved in the tangent at all.

What are the tangents of and in the triangle below?

To find these ratios, first identify the sides opposite and adjacent to each angle.

The tangent of is about 0.417 and the tangent of is 2.4.

This Concept focuses on tangents, but there are two other trigonometric ratios, the sine and the cosine.

Use this triangle to answer the following questions. You may round to the nearest hundredth.

The length of the hypotenuse is 13.

#### Example A

What is the tangent of ?

Solution:

#### Example B

What is the tangent of ?

Solution:

#### Example C

What is the ratio for tangent?

Solution: Side length opposite the angle over the hypotenuse.

Now let's go back to the dilemma from the beginning of the Concept.

To figure this out, we first have to write the ratio of the length of the side opposite to compared with the adjacent side.

Next we divide.

This is the tangent for .

### Vocabulary

Trigonometric Ratios
ratios that help us to understand the relationships between sides and angles of right triangles.
Sine
the ratio of the opposite side to the hypotenuse.
Cosine
the ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse.
Tangent
the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent.

### Guided Practice

Here is one for you to try on your own.

Find the tangent ratios in the following triangle.

Solution

Tangent is the ratio of the opposite side to the adjacent side. Here are the tangent ratios.

### Practice

Directions: solve each problem.

1. What is the tangent of ?
2. What is the tangent of ?
3. True or false. The sine and the tangent use the same ratios.

1. What is the tangent of ?
2. What is the tangent of ?

1. What is the tangent of ?
2. What is the tangent of ?
3. What is the length of the missing side rounded to the nearest hundredth?

Directions: Answer each question. You may round to the nearest hundredth.

1. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
2. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
3. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
4. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
5. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
6. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?
7. If a tangent ratio is , what is the measure of the tangent?

### Vocabulary Language: English

AA Similarity Postulate

AA Similarity Postulate

If two angles in one triangle are congruent to two angles in another triangle, then the two triangles are similar.
Congruent

Congruent

Congruent figures are identical in size, shape and measure.
cosine

cosine

The cosine of an angle in a right triangle is a value found by dividing the length of the side adjacent the given angle by the length of the hypotenuse.
Similar

Similar

Two figures are similar if they have the same shape, but not necessarily the same size.
sine

sine

The sine of an angle in a right triangle is a value found by dividing the length of the side opposite the given angle by the length of the hypotenuse.
Tangent

Tangent

The tangent of an angle in a right triangle is a value found by dividing the length of the side opposite the given angle by the length of the side adjacent to the given angle.
Trigonometric Ratios

Trigonometric Ratios

Ratios that help us to understand the relationships between sides and angles of right triangles.