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Translations and Vectors

Graphical introduction to image translations
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Vocabulary: Fill in the Blanks

Term Definition
______ A __________ is an operation that is performed on a shape that moves or changes it in some way. There are four types of transformations: translations, reflections, dilations and rotations.
Translation A translation is an example of a transformation that moves each point of a shape the same              and in the same          . Translations are also known as slides .
_______ In a transformation, the final figure is called the             .
             In a transformation, the original figure is called the            .


1) (The purple heart is the preimage.) Cara described the translation above as 6 units backwards and 3 units down. Is she correct?  Why or why not?

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

2) Describe the translation above, where the purple "M" is the preimage.

3) Draw a hexagon translated up 5 units and 3 units to the left. Label the image and preimage.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

4) Describe the translation above, where the purple figure is the preimage.

5) Use the diagram below to describe the following translations:

  1. A onto B
  2. A onto C
  3. A onto D
  4. A onto E
  5. A onto F

Click here for more practice with translations and answer keys.


When describing  translation, try picking an "anchor" point on both the preimage and the image.  Circle/highlight the anchor point on both images.  Then describe how the anchor point alone was translated.  This is often easier than trying to describe the whole image.

Image Attributions

  1. [1]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0
  2. [2]^ License: CC BY-NC 3.0


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