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# Triangle Sum Theorem

## Interior angles add to 180 degrees

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Practice Triangle Sum Theorem
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Understanding the Angle Measures of Triangles

Credit: Great Valley Center
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/greatvalleycenter/38286807/in/photolist-8sjwQt-4oekn-7krG8g-9wQjQH-7QHwkx-4sy88N-drrHfN-9e3W8Z-96sPRN-nsVkHD-nsVNTw-nbHuTQ-nbHhUt-fj22DA-oYUpA-e3PXxF-cC4Uij-bGcgJZ-bqtnD5-9v6iGs-vhdQbY-a4CZag-btsHzw-4yhxwh-fCNse4-npFkKN-axac8Y-4XYj1Z-opDkK3-9v6ii7-e3oEwY-fxF2nk-m9UXSU-cZaAmq-9cCLPe-hg466n-mp7qxT-bjv1i-fmGgWX-5UyMTL-9dtb8o-mp9eY1-6kWuQM-5YERDy-75mVza-9dq62F-9dtb73-oAPDQq-spGR26-bCWPuv

A roof truss is a pre-fabricated, triangular wooden structure used to support the roof of a home or building. The triangular shape is used because it is incredibly strong. A particular roof truss is an isosceles triangle such that the base angle has a measure of 50°. How can the worker figure out the measure of the other angles of the triangular roof truss to ensure that all trusses for this roof are identical?

In this concept, you will learn to understand the angle measures of triangles.

### Guidance

The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°. This fact is true for all triangles regardless of the type of triangle. An equiangular triangle has three equal angles which each measure 60°. The following diagram is an equiangular triangle.

Let’s look at another triangle to see how this information can be applied.

The above triangle has two acute angles that each measure 25° and one obtuse angle. The measure of the obtuse angle is not known.

The sum of the three angles of the triangle equals 180°. Write an equation to represent this statement.

mA+mB+mC=180

Next, substitute the known information into the equation.

mA+25+25=180

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

mA+25+25mA+50==180180

Then, subtract 50° from both sides of the equation to solve for mA\begin{align*}m \angle A\end{align*}.

mA+50mA+5050mA===18018050130

The measure of the obtuse angle is 130°.

### Guided Practice

If the measure of the vertex angle of an isosceles triangle is 50°, what is the measure of the base angles of the triangle?

First, draw and label a triangle to represent the given information.

Next, write down what you know from the problem.

m1+m2+m3m3m1===180Sum of the angles of a triangle50  Measure of the vertex anglem2Equal angles of an isosceles triangle

Next, write down an equation to represent the information.

m1+m2+50=180

Next, let ‘x\begin{align*}x\end{align*}’ represent each of the equal angles of the isosceles triangle.

x+x+50=180

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

2x+50=180

Next, subtract 50° from both sides of the equation and simplify to isolate the variable.

2x+502x+50502x===18018050130

Then, divide both sides of the equation by ‘2’ to solve for ‘x\begin{align*}x\end{align*}.’

2x21x2x===130130265

m1=65\begin{align*}m \angle 1 = 65^{\circ}\end{align*} and m2=65\begin{align*}m \angle 2 = 65^{\circ}\end{align*}.

### Examples

#### Example 1

For the following diagram, determine the measure of angles ‘x\begin{align*}x\end{align*}’ and ‘y\begin{align*}y\end{align*}.’

First, write down what you know from the diagram.

mx+140my+125mx+my+85===180Straight angle formed by adjacent angles180Straight angle formed by adjacent angles180Sum of the angles of a triangle

Next, use what you have written down to determine the measure of x\begin{align*}\angle x\end{align*}.

mx+140=180

Next, subtract 140° from both sides of the equation.

mx+140mx+140140==180180140

Next, simplify both sides of the equation.

mx+140140mx==18014040

The measure of x\begin{align*}\angle x\end{align*} is 40°.

Now, use what you know about the measures of the interior angles of the triangle to solve for the measure of y\begin{align*}\angle y\end{align*}.

mx+my+85=180

Next, substitute the measure of x\begin{align*}\angle x\end{align*} into the equation.

mx+my+8540+my+85==180180

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

40+my+85125+my==180180

Next, subtract 125° from both sides of the equation.

125+my125125+my==180180125

Next, simplify both sides of the equation.

125125+mymy==18012555

The measure of y\begin{align*}\angle y\end{align*} is 55°.

#### Example 2

Given ABC\begin{align*} \triangle ABC\end{align*}, an obtuse scalene triangle with A=37\begin{align*}\angle A = 37^{\circ}\end{align*} and b=28\begin{align*}\angle b = 28^{\circ}\end{align*}, what is the measure of the obtuse angle?

First, draw and label a triangle to model the problem.

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.

A+B+C=180

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the angles given in the diagram.

A+B+C37+28+C==180180

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

37+28+C65+C==180180

Then, subtract 65° from both sides of the equation to solve for the measure of C\begin{align*}\angle C\end{align*}.

65+C6565+CC===18018065115

The measure of the obtuse angle is 115°.

#### Example 3

Given DEF\begin{align*}\triangle DEF\end{align*}, such that D=42\begin{align*}\angle D = 42^{\circ}\end{align*} and E=123\begin{align*}\angle E = 123^{\circ}\end{align*}, what is the measure of F\begin{align*}\angle F\end{align*}?

First, draw and label a triangle to model the problem.

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the measures of the interior angles of the triangle.

D+E+F=180

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the angles given in the diagram.

D+E+F42+123+F==180180

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

42+123+F165+F==180180

Then, subtract 165° from both sides of the equation to solve for the measure of C\begin{align*}\angle C\end{align*}.

165+F165165+FF===18018016515

The measure of F=15\begin{align*}\angle F = 15^{\circ}\end{align*}.

Credit: Elliot Brown
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/3639951854/in/photolist-6xDGSA-5wEtmK-7ztdDP-6jURUe-6jUSdc-8SL3Z6-ofitfs-o2ier1-6jZ6fs-65Uqfv-e5CMj8-6Vz9oS-gkcPn-2EYhU4-9eDpNd-pAePx8-aUaQsM-6jUUTX-cH3rgU-hfrpu7-66cnkD-7ayFFh-oiRKrn-kiwSzY-65vFN2-e5Jqts-6jUTVP-dJk5Yg-eVtVS-9nPvzg-2EuPD-9mjNV1-oXCYu8-9mjQxm-brvLxS-mK7BgB-6MU4ub-pE48tr-eSLqP9-4ndDbn-oiuZEB-iPLspo-8awuz3-pepv4y-a5YV8J-oyabu8-725hxm-6K4h9W-8fFEHN-cvxWUU

Remember the worker with the roof truss? He needs to figure out the measure of the interior angles in the roof truss. How can he do this?

He can use the facts that the triangle is isosceles and the sum of the interior angles of the triangle equals 180°.

First, draw and label an isosceles triangle to model the roof truss.

The triangular roof truss is an isosceles triangle. The angles opposite the equal sides are equal in measure.

mAmAmB===50mB50

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the equal angles.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Next, subtract 100° from both sides of the equation to determine the measure of \begin{align*}\angle C\end{align*}.

The measures of the other two interior angles of the roof truss are 50° and 80°.

### Explore More

Using what you have learned about the interior angles of a triangle, determine the missing angle in each triangle.

1. 45°, 45°, ?

2. 60°, 60°, ?

3. 90°, 50°, ?

4. 100°, 40°, ?

5. 110°, 30°, ?

6. 50°, 10°, ?

7. 145°, 15°, ?

8. 55°, 45°, ?

9. 70°, 35°, ?

10. 50°, 50°, ?

11. 63°, 42°, ?

12. 18°, 75°, ?

Identify three triangles in the room around you.

13.

14.

15.

### Vocabulary Language: English

Acute Triangle

Acute Triangle

An acute triangle has three angles that each measure less than 90 degrees.
Congruent

Congruent

Congruent figures are identical in size, shape and measure.
Equilateral Triangle

Equilateral Triangle

An equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are the same length.
Isosceles Triangle

Isosceles Triangle

An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which exactly two sides are the same length.
Obtuse Triangle

Obtuse Triangle

An obtuse triangle is a triangle with one angle that is greater than 90 degrees.
Right Triangle

Right Triangle

A right triangle is a triangle with one 90 degree angle.
Scalene Triangle

Scalene Triangle

A scalene triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are different lengths.
Triangle Sum Theorem

Triangle Sum Theorem

The Triangle Sum Theorem states that the three interior angles of any triangle add up to 180 degrees.