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Triangle Sum Theorem

Interior angles add to 180 degrees

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Understanding the Angle Measures of Triangles

Let’s Think About It

Credit: Great Valley Center
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/greatvalleycenter/38286807/in/photolist-8sjwQt-4oekn-7krG8g-9wQjQH-7QHwkx-4sy88N-drrHfN-9e3W8Z-96sPRN-nsVkHD-nsVNTw-nbHuTQ-nbHhUt-fj22DA-oYUpA-e3PXxF-cC4Uij-bGcgJZ-bqtnD5-9v6iGs-vhdQbY-a4CZag-btsHzw-4yhxwh-fCNse4-npFkKN-axac8Y-4XYj1Z-opDkK3-9v6ii7-e3oEwY-fxF2nk-m9UXSU-cZaAmq-9cCLPe-hg466n-mp7qxT-bjv1i-fmGgWX-5UyMTL-9dtb8o-mp9eY1-6kWuQM-5YERDy-75mVza-9dq62F-9dtb73-oAPDQq-spGR26-bCWPuv
License: CC BY-NC 3.0

A roof truss is a pre-fabricated, triangular wooden structure used to support the roof of a home or building. The triangular shape is used because it is incredibly strong. A particular roof truss is an isosceles triangle such that the base angle has a measure of 50°. How can the worker figure out the measure of the other angles of the triangular roof truss to ensure that all trusses for this roof are identical?

In this concept, you will learn to understand the angle measures of triangles.

Guidance

The sum of the interior angles of a triangle is 180°. This fact is true for all triangles regardless of the type of triangle. An equiangular triangle has three equal angles which each measure 60°. The following diagram is an equiangular triangle.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Let’s look at another triangle to see how this information can be applied.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

The above triangle has two acute angles that each measure 25° and one obtuse angle. The measure of the obtuse angle is not known.

The sum of the three angles of the triangle equals 180°. Write an equation to represent this statement.

Next, substitute the known information into the equation.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Then, subtract 50° from both sides of the equation to solve for .

The answer is 130.

The measure of the obtuse angle is 130°.

Guided Practice

If the measure of the vertex angle of an isosceles triangle is 50°, what is the measure of the base angles of the triangle?

First, draw and label a triangle to represent the given information.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Next, write down what you know from the problem.

Next, write down an equation to represent the information.

Next, let ‘’ represent each of the equal angles of the isosceles triangle.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Next, subtract 50° from both sides of the equation and simplify to isolate the variable.

Then, divide both sides of the equation by ‘2’ to solve for ‘.’

The answer is 65.

 and .

Examples

Example 1

For the following diagram, determine the measure of angles ‘’ and ‘.’

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

First, write down what you know from the diagram.

Next, use what you have written down to determine the measure of .

Next, subtract 140° from both sides of the equation.

Next, simplify both sides of the equation.

The answer is 40.

The measure of  is 40°.

Now, use what you know about the measures of the interior angles of the triangle to solve for the measure of .

Next, substitute the measure of  into the equation.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Next, subtract 125° from both sides of the equation.

Next, simplify both sides of the equation.

The answer is 55.

The measure of  is 55°.

Example 2

Given , an obtuse scalene triangle with  and , what is the measure of the obtuse angle?

First, draw and label a triangle to model the problem.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the angles given in the diagram.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Then, subtract 65° from both sides of the equation to solve for the measure of .

The answer is 115.

The measure of the obtuse angle is 115°.

Example 3

Given , such that  and , what is the measure of ?

First, draw and label a triangle to model the problem.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the measures of the interior angles of the triangle.

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the angles given in the diagram.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Then, subtract 165° from both sides of the equation to solve for the measure of .

The answer is 15.

The measure of .

Follow Up

Credit: Elliot Brown
Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/3639951854/in/photolist-6xDGSA-5wEtmK-7ztdDP-6jURUe-6jUSdc-8SL3Z6-ofitfs-o2ier1-6jZ6fs-65Uqfv-e5CMj8-6Vz9oS-gkcPn-2EYhU4-9eDpNd-pAePx8-aUaQsM-6jUUTX-cH3rgU-hfrpu7-66cnkD-7ayFFh-oiRKrn-kiwSzY-65vFN2-e5Jqts-6jUTVP-dJk5Yg-eVtVS-9nPvzg-2EuPD-9mjNV1-oXCYu8-9mjQxm-brvLxS-mK7BgB-6MU4ub-pE48tr-eSLqP9-4ndDbn-oiuZEB-iPLspo-8awuz3-pepv4y-a5YV8J-oyabu8-725hxm-6K4h9W-8fFEHN-cvxWUU
License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Remember the worker with the roof truss? He needs to figure out the measure of the interior angles in the roof truss. How can he do this?

He can use the facts that the triangle is isosceles and the sum of the interior angles of the triangle equals 180°.

First, draw and label an isosceles triangle to model the roof truss.

License: CC BY-NC 3.0

The triangular roof truss is an isosceles triangle. The angles opposite the equal sides are equal in measure.

Next, write an equation to represent the sum of the interior angles of the triangle.

Next, fill into the equation, the measures of the equal angles.

Next, simplify the left side of the equation.

Next, subtract 100° from both sides of the equation to determine the measure of .

The answer is 80.

The measures of the other two interior angles of the roof truss are 50° and 80°.

Video Review

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPG-9IFnJnI

Explore More

Using what you have learned about the interior angles of a triangle, determine the missing angle in each triangle.

1. 45°, 45°, ?

2. 60°, 60°, ?

3. 90°, 50°, ?

4. 100°, 40°, ?

5. 110°, 30°, ?

6. 50°, 10°, ?

7. 145°, 15°, ?

8. 55°, 45°, ?

9. 70°, 35°, ?

10. 50°, 50°, ?

11. 63°, 42°, ?

12. 18°, 75°, ?

Identify three triangles in the room around you.

13.

14.

15.

Vocabulary

Acute Triangle

Acute Triangle

An acute triangle has three angles that each measure less than 90 degrees.
Congruent

Congruent

Congruent figures are identical in size, shape and measure.
Equilateral Triangle

Equilateral Triangle

An equilateral triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are the same length.
Isosceles Triangle

Isosceles Triangle

An isosceles triangle is a triangle in which exactly two sides are the same length.
Obtuse Triangle

Obtuse Triangle

An obtuse triangle is a triangle with one angle that is greater than 90 degrees.
Right Triangle

Right Triangle

A right triangle is a triangle with one 90 degree angle.
Scalene Triangle

Scalene Triangle

A scalene triangle is a triangle in which all three sides are different lengths.
Triangle Sum Theorem

Triangle Sum Theorem

The Triangle Sum Theorem states that the three interior angles of any triangle add up to 180 degrees.

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