Jerry’s assignment in his carpentry class is to build a wooden storage container that will hold at least 48 cubic units of material. Jerry has already started on the rectangular container, which is 4 units wide and 2 units long. Jerry isn’t sure what height the container should be in order to hold a volume of 48 cubic units. How can Jerry use this information to determine the height of the container?

In this concept, you will learn to identify the volume of prisms using unit cubes.

### Finding Volume of Prisms Using Unit Cubes

**Volume** is the amount of space inside a solid figure.

These cubes make up a rectangular prism. The cubes represent the volume of the prism. This prism is five cubes by two cubes by one cube. In other words, it is five cubes long, by two cubes high by one cube wide. You can multiply each of these values together to get the volume of the rectangular prism.

\begin{align*}5 \times 2 \times 1 = 10 \ \text{cubic units}\end{align*}

The volume of the rectangular prism is 10 cubic units or units^{3}. The units are cubic units because you multiplied the units 3 times when you multiplied the height, length, and width.

Here is another prism.

First, to figure out the volume of this prism, identify the measurements.

Length - 6

Width - 6

Height - 6

Next, substitute these values in the formula for volume then solve.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl} \text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\6 \times 6 \times 6 &=& 216 \ \text{cubic units} \end{array}\end{align*}

The volume of the cube is 216 cubic units.

### Examples

#### Example 1

Earlier, you were given a problem about Jerry and the storage container he is building.

The container is 4 units wide and 2 units long when he learned about the volume requirement. The container needs to have a volume of 48 cubic units. How can Jerry use this information to determine the height the container should be?

First, to figure the height the container should be, identify the given measurements.

Length - 2 units

Width - 4 units

Height - ?

Volume - 48 cubic units

Next, substitute these values into the formula for volume.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl}
\text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\
2 \times 4 \times H &=& 48\ \text{cubic units}
\end{array}\end{align*}

Then, multiply.

\begin{align*}8(H) = 48\end{align*}

Then, divide both sides by 8.

\begin{align*}H = 6 \ \text{units}\end{align*}

The container should have a height of 6 units.

#### Example 2

What is the volume of this figure?

First, to figure out the volume of this prism, identify the measurements.

Length - 4 units

Width - 4 units

Height - 3 units

Next, substitute these values into the formula for volume then solve.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl} \text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\4 \times 4 \times 3 &=& 216 \ \text{cubic units} \end{array}\end{align*}

The volume of the prism is 48 cubic units, or 48 units^{3}.

#### Example 3

Find the volume of the prism.

First, to figure out the volume of this prism, identify the measurements.

Length - 1

Width - 2

Height - 5

Next, substitute these values into the formula for volume then solve.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl} \text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\ 1 \times 2 \times 5 &=& 10 \ \text{cubic units} \end{array}\end{align*}

The volume of the prism is 10 cubic units.

#### Example 4

Find the volume of the prism.

First, to figure out the volume of this prism, identify the measurements.

Length - 2 inches

Width - 4 inches

Height - 2 inches

Next, substitute these values into the formula for volume then solve.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl} \text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\ 2 \times 4 \times 2 &=& 16 \ \text{cubic inches} \end{array}\end{align*}

The volume of the cube is 16 cubic inches.

#### Example 5

Find the volume of the prism.

First, to figure out the volume of this prism, identify the measurements.

Length - 2 inches

Width - 4 inches

Height - 1 inch

Next, substitute these values into the formula for volume then solve.

\begin{align*}\begin{array}{rcl} \text{Length} \times \text{Width} \times \text{Height} &=& \text{Volume in cubic units} \\ 2 \times 4 \times 1 &=& 8 \ \text{cubic units} \end{array}\end{align*}

The volume of the prism is 8 cubic inches.

### Review

Find the volume of each prism.

Identify each type of prism.

### Review (Answers)

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 10.15.