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Ecosystems

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Ecosystems
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Vocabulary

abiotic factor

abiotic factor

Nonliving aspect of the environment.
biogeochemical cycle

biogeochemical cycle

Pathway of elements like carbon and nitrogen through the non-living and living parts of the ecosystem.
biotic factor

biotic factor

Living aspects of the environment.
consumer

consumer

Organism that must eat or consume other organisms to obtain energy and nutrients.
ecology

ecology

Study of how living organisms interact with each other and with their environment.
ecosystem

ecosystem

All of the living things and non-living things interacting in the same area.
habitat

habitat

Ecological or environmental area where a particular species live.
photosynthesis

photosynthesis

Process by which specific organisms (including all plants) use the sun's energy to make their own food from carbon dioxide and water; process that converts the energy of the sun, or solar energy, into carbohydrates, a type of chemical energy.
population

population

Group of organisms belonging to the same species that live in the same area and interact with one another.
producer

producer

Organism that can absorb the energy of the sun and convert it into food through the process of photosynthesis; i.e. plants and algae.

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