Meat Over Mind
Why It Matters
Are You Going To Eat That?
And the old monkey said," Those humans with their big brains, soooo superior. Oh, look at me. I have a big brain. Savages, them and their love of flesh, savages. What's wrong with a good mango?"
The size and sophistication of the human brain, relative to body size, is a hallmark of Homo sapiens and a defining characteristic of the species. But how did we develop these big brains? Various theories exist as to how we accomplished this feat given the energetic requirements of our brains. Some say it was tool-use, some say it was group hunting and some say it was meat itself. None of these ideas are mutually exclusive, they all fit together to some degree. But recent work by scientists indicates that maybe it's all about meat.
Now that you've heard some of the reasoning behind how our diet led to our brains, read about the latest evidence that meat was the key.
- How is the size of a gut related to the quality (net caloric value in this case) of food? What happens to digestion time when an animal has a large gut?
- What organism has tapeworms most closely related to tapeworms in humans? What does this relationship suggest about past behavior of Homo sapiens? Do you find this evidence convincing? Why or why not?
- How much more energy does brain tissue use than muscle tissue on a pound per pound basis? What kinds of limitations does this represent for Homo sapiens?
- What do some scientists feel is a drawback of eating raw food? On average, how many hours a day does a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) chew?
- How does cooking meat make it easier to eat? Explain your answer as fully as you can.
- Why do scientists feel that understanding the length of time Homo sapiens breastfeed is key to understanding how we've changed over time? How does meat figure into this theory?