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Process of Cellular Respiration

Explains molecular processes cells use to make energy in the presence of oxygen.

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Process of Cellular Respiration
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Vocabulary

aerobic

aerobic

In the presence of oxygen.
anaerobic

anaerobic

In the absence of oxygen.
ATP

ATP

Adenosine triphosphate; usable form of energy inside the cell.
cellular respiration

cellular respiration

Process of breaking down glucose to obtain energy in the form of ATP.
cristae

cristae

Inner membrane folds of the mitochondrion.
electron transport chain

electron transport chain

Series of electron-transport molecules that pass high-energy electrons from molecule to molecule and capture their energy.
glucose

glucose

Simple sugar with the chemical formula C6H12O6; a product of photosynthesis.
glycolysis

glycolysis

First stage of cellular respiration in which glucose is split to form two molecules of pyruvate.
Krebs cycle

Krebs cycle

Second stage of cellular respiration in which two pyruvate molecules react to form NADH, and FADH2 and a small amount of ATP.
mitochondria

mitochondria

Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.
mitochondrion

mitochondrion

(plural mitochondria): Organelle of the cell in which energy is generated.
nucleus

nucleus

Cell structure that contains the genetic material, DNA.
pyruvate

pyruvate

Three-carbon product of glycolysis.
reactants

reactants

Raw ingredients (starting materials) in a chemical reaction.

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