Jeffrey works part-time at the butcher shop. Today he is labeling single portions of steak and bottling the store's special barbeque sauce. Each item must be measured accurately in order to be priced correctly. Which unit of measurement should Jeffery use to label the steaks and the bottles of barbecue sauce?

In this concept, you will learn how to choose the best unit of weight or measure.

### Selecting the Appropriate Weight or Capacity Units

Choosing the correct units can make all the difference for a measurement. You would not measure how tall you are in miles. Neither would you measure length of a football field in inches. The same idea applies for weight and volume. If you were making a pot of soup, it could be pretty complicated to measure the amount of liquid in ounces. Think of how challenging that would be as you are measuring. To get an idea of the size of the units of weight and volume, take a look at the table below.

This table is useful as a reference for many of the different ways to measure weight and capacity. Think about what you are measuring before you choose a unit. Use units of weight to find how heavy an object is. Use units of volume to find how much space that object takes up. Generally, the size of the object you are measuring can give you a clue as to which unit to use.

Which unit of measurment would you use to weigh a large dog?

There are three units of weight in the table-- ounce, pound, and ton. Think about which unit would work best for this example.

The ounce is too small of a unit. A large dog would weigh several hundred ounces. The ton is too large of a unit. The pound would be the best unit to measure the weight of a large dog.

### Examples

#### Example 1

Earlier, you were given a problem about Jeffrey at the butcher shop.

Jeffrey has to label the steak packages and bottles of barbeque sauce. He has to decide which unit would work best to accurately label each item.

First, consider the packages of steak. Most of the steaks are less than a pound. Therefore, Jeffrey should use ounces to label the packages of steak.

Then, consider the bottles of barbecue sauce. The bottles are about the size of a water bottle. He has several options he can use— fluid ounce, cup, or pint. The most accurate unit would be the smallest unit. Therefore, Jeffrey should use fluid ounces to label the bottles of barbecue sauce.

#### Example 2

Choose the best unit of measure: if Darcy is filling up her swimming pool, which unit of capacity would she use to measure the amount of water needed?

Think about what is being measured. A swimming pool requires a large amount of water. Darcy would use gallons, the largest unit for capacity.

#### Example 3

Choose the best unit of measure: the milk in a baby bottle.

Measure the capacity of a baby bottle using fluid ounces.

#### Example 4

Choose the best unit of measure: a bundle of wood.

Measure the weight of a bundle of wood using pounds.

#### Example 5

Choose the best unit of measure: flour for a cake.

Measure the capacity of flour for a cake using cups.

### Review

Choose the best unit of measure for each item below.

- The weight of a dog
- The weight of a camper
- Soda in a can
- Two Elephants
- A television set
- A baby bottle
- A jug of milk
- An automobile
- The water in a pool
- A pile of pennies
- A pallet of wood pellets
- A rhinocerous
- A boat
- An apple
- Water in an eye dropper

### Review (Answers)

To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 7.15.