Screw

One of six types of simple machines. Consists of an inclined plane wrapped around a central cylinder.

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Screw Ups and Downs

Screw Ups and Downs

Credit: Shelah
Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gosheshe/3510724297/

Poor screws. They have a bad reputation. After all, “screwing up” means “making a mistake.” But screws are actually very useful simple machines.

The Back Story

• A screw is an inclined plane that is wrapped around a central axis. Most screws, like those pictured above, are used to hold things together. Screws have many other uses as well.
• Credit: Simon Brass
Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/dogbomb/527733767/

The corkscrew is used to remove the cork in wine bottles [Figure2]

• Watch this clever student video to see some other examples of screws and how they are used:

Can You Apply It?

1. Describe the screw.
2. State two general uses of screws.
3. Describe the screws in the pictures below, and explain how the screws are used.
1. Credit: Richard Koch
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Spiral_Staircase_in_the_Presbytere_New_Orleans_1934.jpg
2. Credit: Scott Ehardt
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crest_toothpaste.jpg
3. Credit: Brianiac
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Screws.jpg
4. The device sketched below is called Archimedes’ screw. It is used to draw water out of a body of water such as a pond. Based on your knowledge of screws, explain how Archimedes’ screw works.

Credit: lanmacm
Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archimedes_screw.JPG