Skip Navigation


The resistance that one surface or object encounters when moving over another.

Atoms Practice
Estimated15 minsto complete
Practice Friction
This indicates how strong in your memory this concept is
Estimated15 minsto complete
Practice Now
Turn In
Phone Book Friction

Source: schoey
License: CC BY-NC 3.0

A Phone Book [Figure1]


Friction is the force created when two objects touch each other. It is created opposite the direction of movement or  any force prompting movement. It is caused by the electromagnetic forces in charged particles on the surface of the objects.

Ff = Fn*µ

This means that the friction force is equal to the normal force(Fn) multiplied by the friction coefficient(µ). The normal force is how much force is exerted on one of the objects to resist some force pushing them together (normally the force pushing them together is gravity). The friction coefficient is a number specific to each material.


Even though we overcome friction force everyday, it can add up very quickly. Try weaving the pages of two phone books together. Pretend that you are shuffling a deck of cards, but with book pages instead. Now try to pull them apart. The friction between the pages makes it nearly impossible, if the pages are woven together correctly. Two perfectly weaved phonebooks could withstand thousands of Newtons of force.

Creative Applications

1. Which type of friction applies to the phonebooks?

2. What factors influence the coefficient of friction?

3. Can you think of an example of how friction effects our daily lives? 

Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes
Show More

Image Attributions

  1. [1]^ Source: schoey; License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Explore More

Sign in to explore more, including practice questions and solutions for Friction.
Please wait...
Please wait...