Covers social insects and behaviors that come with societies. It looks at relationships between ant colonies and evolution has led some species to become totally dependent on slaves and others on farming.
Looks at velvet worms as an example of an old body form that still persists in some ecosystems. Seeks to get students to consider the basis of science and question their existing perceptions on the organization of life.
Covers carnivorous sponges as a model for adaptation. Compares similar adaptations between carnivorous plants and carnivorous sponges. Looks at how sponge adaptability informs us about early life forms.