Chapter 5: TE Writing Linear Equations
Overview
Students apply their knowledge about linear equations to solve realworld problems. They use linear regression methods to fit lines to the data provided and make predictions.
Suggested pacing:

Linear Equations in SlopeIntercept Form 
1hr 
Linear Equations in PointSlope Form 
1hr 
Linear Equations in Standard Form 
1−2hrs 
Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines 
1−2hrs 
Fitting a Line to Data 
0.5hrs 
Predicting with Linear Models 
1hr  Problem Solving Strategies:

Use a Linear Model 
2hrs
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ProblemSolving Strand for Mathematics
In this chapter, the problem solving technique Use a Linear Model builds directly on lesson material, particularly in “Fitting a Line to Data” and “Predicting with Linear Models.” Within the context of this chapter, linear modeling is defined as using linear interpolation, linear extrapolation, or a line of best fit as a method of predicting trends and/or obtaining reasonable data.
Alignment with the NCTM Process Standards
Being able to approximate or estimate well (R.2) is a valuable skill in mathematics as well as real life. When younger students are asked to estimate, they often follow the rules for rounding rather than truly estimating with regard to the magnitude of a quantity (CON.1). Sometimes teachers unintentionally contribute to this issue because it is difficult to correct estimations; several estimations could be acceptable given different scenarios or different priorities. Taking a few moments to discuss significant digits in reallife situations, such as the cost of a house, a car, or a meal at a restaurant, can really improve students’ number sense and their ability to make appropriate approximations (COM.2; COM.3).
Informal scale drawings can be very helpful whenever geometric shapes are part of a class exercise, and, when done attentively, can internalize the notion of scale (R.1). Freehand enlargements or miniatures, which many students love to do, can develop an instinct for proportional reasoning (RP.4) and engage artistically inclined students. Displaying attractive, correct student work around the room reinforces the concept of scale and inspires others to think proportionately (R.3).
The question of the reasonableness of a solution is something that must be addressed repeatedly. Teachers should ask students to reflect on the reasonableness of their answers on a regular basis (PS.4).
 COM.2  Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
 COM.3  Analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others.
 CON.1  Recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas.
 PS.4  Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.
 RP.4  Select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.
 R.1  Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas.
 R.2  Select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve problems.
 R.3  Use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.
 5.1.
Linear Equations in SlopeIntercept Form
 5.2.
Linear Equations in PointSlope Form
 5.3.
Linear Equations in Standard Form
 5.4.
Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
 5.5.
Fitting a Line to Data
 5.6.
Predicting with Linear Models
 5.7.
Problem Solving Strategies: Use a Linear Model