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# 1.15: Lesson Fifteen

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## The Consonant Sound [d]

1. You can hear the sound [d] at the beginning and end of the word dude. Underline the letters that spell [d]:

$&\text{\underline{{d}}ucks} && \text{holi\underline{{d}}ay} && \text{\underline{{d}}iffering} && \text{mu\underline{{dd}}y}\\&\text{aroun\underline{{d}}} && \text{chil\underline{{d}}ren} && \text{\underline{{d}}i\underline{{d}}n't} && \text{vote\underline{{d}}}\\&\text{a\underline{{dd}}} && \text{mi\underline{{dd}}le} && \text{su\underline{{dd}}en} && \text{boar\underline{{d}}}\\&\text{goo\underline{{d}}} && \text{foun\underline{{d}}} && \text{behin\underline{{d}}} && \text{sai\underline{{d}}}\\&\text{beyon\underline{{d}}} && \text{stu\underline{{d}}y} && \text{\underline{{d}}anger} && \text{un\underline{{d}}er}\\&\text{worl\underline{{d}}} && \text{\underline{{d}}a\underline{{dd}}y} && \text{hi\underline{{dd}}en} && \text{re\underline{{dd}}est}$

2. Now sort the words into these two groups. Be careful! One word goes into both groups:

Words with the [d] spelled ...
<d> $<\mathrm{dd}>$
around differing middle
beyond behind sudden
world danger hidden
holiday voted muddy
children board reddest
found said
study under

3. Two ways of spelling the sound [d] are <d> and $\underline{
}$

Word Find. Find and circle the fifteen words that contain the sound [d]. Write the ones you find in alphabetical order at the bottom of the page:

$&\text{children} && \text{different} && \text{found} && \text{said} && \text{muddy}\\&\text{under} && \text{today} && \text{study} && \text{daddy} && \text{do}\\&\text{hidden} && \text{sudden} && \text{middle} && \text{add} && \text{had}$

Words in alphabetical order:

2. children
4. different
5. do
6. found
8. hidden
9. middle
10. muddy
11. said
12. study
13. sudden
14. today
15. under

Teaching Notes.

1. More than $99\%$ of the time [d] is spelled <d> or $<\mathrm{dd}>$. Two important minor spellings of [d] are <ed> in the past tense suffix -ed (as in spelled and rubbed) and <ld> in the four words could, should, would, solder. It is worth noticing that in certain strings of consonants, with an [n] or [I] right in front of it and especially with a fricative like [z] or [f] right after it, [d] can easily get lost in the pronunciation, as in words like lends, fields, grandfather— and handkerchief. Students who routinely leave out the [d] when they pronounce such words (or hear the [d] routinely left out) may have extra trouble remembering to put in the <d> when they spell them.

## Categories:

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5

## Date Created:

Feb 23, 2012

Apr 29, 2014
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