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10.14: More Contractions with Homophones

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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More Contractions with Homophones

1. In the column labeled ‘Phrase’ write out the two-word phrase for each contraction. Don't worry about the other columns yet.

Contraction Phrase Homophone Words Related to the Homophone
he'd he had, he would heed heeded heedless heeding
here's here is hears hearing hears heard
we'd we had, we would weed weedy weeding weeded
we've we have weave weaver weaving woven
you'll you will, you shall yule yule log yuletide

2. The following list contains five words that are homophones for the five contractions in the table above. Find the homophones and write them into their proper boxes in the table:

\begin{align*}& \text{heed}\surd && \text{head}\surd && \text{ears}\surd && \text{hears}\surd && \text{yule}\surd \\ & \text{wed}\surd && \text{weed}\surd && \text{weave}\surd && \text{wave}\surd && \text{yew}\surd\end{align*}heedwedheadweedearsweavehearswaveyuleyew

3. The following list contains fourteen words that are closely related to the five homophones. Find the related words and write them into their proper boxes in the table. One word in the list does not fit into the table:

\begin{align*}& \text{heeded}\surd && \text{headed}\surd && \text{weedy}\surd && \text{weaver}\surd && \text{hearing}\surd \\ & \text{yule log}\surd && \text{heedless}\surd && \text{weaving}\surd && \text{weeding}\surd && \text{hears}\surd \\ & \text{heard}\surd && \text{yuletide}\surd && \text{heeding}\surd && \text{woven}\surd && \text{weeded}\surd\end{align*}heededyule logheardheadedheedlessyuletideweedyweavingheedingweaverweedingwovenhearinghearsweeded

4. The four contractions in the table below each have two homophones. First, in the ‘Phrase’ column, write out the phrase that each contracts. Then find a homophone for each contraction in the following list and write it into the proper box in the column labeled ‘Homophone #1’.

\begin{align*}& \text{heel}\surd && \text{icy} && \text{wheel}\surd && \text{wives} \\ & \text{hail} && \text{aisle}\surd && \text{whale} && \text{wares}\surd\end{align*}heelhailicyaislewheelwhalewiveswares

Contraction Phrase Homophone #1 Homophone #2 Words Related to Homophone #2
he'll he will, he shall heel heal health healer healers
I'll I will, I shall aisle isle island islet enisle
we'll we will, we shall wheel weal wealth wealthy commonwealth
where's where is, where has wares wears wearing unwearable wearprood

5. In the following list find a second homophone for each of the contractions and write it into the proper box in the column labeled ‘Homophone #2’.

\begin{align*}& \text{hear} && \text{isle}\surd && \text{wear} && \text{wears}\surd \\ & \text{heal}\surd && \text{silo} && \text{weal}\surd && \text{weasle}\end{align*}hearhealislesilowearwealwearsweasle

6. In the following list there are three words that are closely related to each of the homophones in the Homophone #2 column. Find them and write them into the proper boxes in the columns labled “Words Related to Homophone #2”:

\begin{align*}& \text{health}\surd && \text{wearing}\surd && \text{wealthy}\surd && \text{unwearable}\surd \\ & \text{island}\surd && \text{healer}\surd && \text{enisle}\surd && \text{commonwealth}\surd \\ & \text{wealth}\surd && \text{islet}\surd && \text{healers}\surd && \text{wearproof}\surd\end{align*}healthislandwealthwearinghealerisletwealthyenislehealersunwearablecommonwealthwearproof

Teaching Notes.

Items 2-4. The word yule “Christmas” comes from the Old English word Ge\begin{align*}\bar {o}\end{align*}o¯l “Christmas.” (In Old English that <g> was pronounced [y].) The Old English word must have come from some Scandinavian word: for instance, Old Icelandic had the word j\begin{align*}\bar {o}\end{align*}o¯l (<j> = [y]) which referred to a pagan winter festival twelve days long.

Items 4-5. The words aisle and isle are related in a complex way. The Latin word \begin{align*}\bar {a}\end{align*}a¯la “wing” became in Middle English ele, eill “wing of a church.” In the \begin{align*}18^{\mathrm{th}}\end{align*}18th century it was commonly spelled <isle>, and in the \begin{align*}19^{\mathrm{th}}\end{align*}19th century it gained an \begin{align*}<\mathrm{a}>\end{align*}<a>, becoming aisle due to the influence of the French word aile. The Latin word insula “island” became in Middle English ile “island.” In the \begin{align*}16^{\mathrm{th}}\end{align*}16th century it gained an \begin{align*}<\mathrm{s}>\end{align*}<s>, becoming isle due to inflluence from the French again. As a final note: Old English had the etymologically unrelated word igland “island”, which is actually a kind of redundancy since ig meant “island” and land meant “land.” In time igland became yland, iland. By the late \begin{align*}17^{\mathrm{th}}\end{align*}17th century it had gained an \begin{align*}<\mathrm{s}>\end{align*}<s> by analogy with isle, which has much the same meaning but an entirely different etymology.

Items 5-6. Concerning weal “prosperity, happiness”: Weal is to wealth as heal is to health. Other pairs with this pattern: deep, depth; grow, growth; true, truth; warm, warmth; wide, width. Other pairs with changes in the vowels: broad, breadth; long, length, strong, strength. This suffix -th forms nouns out of adjectives and verbs.

For the record we'll, weal have a third homophone, wheal “a skin irritation.”

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