Skip Navigation

10.17: How Do You Spell [n]?

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
Turn In

How Do You Spell [n]?

1. We will examine six different ways of spelling [n]. But first see how many you can think of and try to write a word that contains each spelling. If you can't think of all six, don't worry too much about it:

a. Sometimes [n] is spelled <n> as in the word balance, etc..

b. Sometimes [n] is spelled <nn> as in the word announce, etc.

c. Sometimes [n] is spelled <gn> as in the word sign, etc.

d. Sometimes [n] is spelled <kn> as in the word knew, etc.

e. Sometimes [n] is spelled <pn> as in the word pneumonia.

f. Sometimes [n] is spelled <mn> as in the word mnemonic.

2. Think about the consonant sounds you have worked with so far, and answer these questions:

a. How do you think the sound [n] is usually spelled? <n>

b. What would you expect to be the next most common spelling of [n]? <nn>

3. Now underline the letters that spell [n] in the following words:

\begin{align*}& \text{bala\underline{n}ce} && \text{\underline{n}uisa\underline{n}ce} && \text{ca\underline{n}didate} && \text{co\underline{n}clusio\underline{n}} \\ & \text{imme\underline{n}se} && \text{colum\underline{n}ist} && \text{immu\underline{n}ity} && \text{dictio\underline{n}ary} \\ & \text{efficie\underline{n}t} && \text{judgeme\underline{n}t} && \text{solem\underline{n}ity} && \text{coupo\underline{n}} \\ & \text{eco\underline{n}omics } && \text{bu\underline{n}dle} && \text{\underline{n}ourishme\underline{n}t} && \text{isla\underline{n}d} \\ & \text{\underline{n}onalcoholic} && \text{e\underline{n}ormous} && \text{diamo\underline{n}ds} && \text{u\underline{n}derexposed}\end{align*}bala\underline{n}ceimme\underline{n}seefficie\underline{n}teco\underline{n}omics \underline{n}onalcoholic\underline{n}uisa\underline{n}cecolum\underline{n}istjudgeme\underline{n}tbu\underline{n}dlee\underline{n}ormousca\underline{n}didateimmu\underline{n}itysolem\underline{n}ity\underline{n}ourishme\underline{n}tdiamo\underline{n}dsco\underline{n}clusio\underline{n}dictio\underline{n}arycoupo\underline{n}isla\underline{n}du\underline{n}derexposed

4. How is [n] spelled in all of these words? <n> . Usually [n] is spelled this way – about nine times out of ten, in fact!

5. You have seen that double consonants, such as <nn>, can be caused by twinning or assimilation or simple addition. Sometimes twinning can cause an <nn>: fan + n + ing = fanning. Sometimes assimilation can cause an <nn>: a\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + n + nounce = announce, and co\begin{align*}\cancel{m}\end{align*} + n + nect = connect. And simple addition can cause an <nn> when an element that starts with <n> is added to another element that ends with <n>: un + named = unnamed, and stubborn + ness = stubbornness..

6. All of the following words contain an <nn> that is caused by one of the three things described above. Analyze each word enough to show where the two <n>'s come from. Then in the ‘Cause’ column write the cause for the <nn> in each word — either “Twinning,” “Assimilation,” or “Simple Addition”:

Words = Analysis Cause
announce = a\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + n + nounce Assimilation
connect = co\begin{align*}\cancel{m}\end{align*} + n + nect Assimilation
innocent = in + nocent Simple addition
tinny = tin + n + y Twinning
unnourishing = un + nourishing Simple addition
nonnuclear = non + nuclear Simple addition
skinny = skin + n + y Twinning
unnecessary = un + necessary Simple addition
nonnative = non + native Simple addition
innumerable = in + numerable Simple addition
beginner = begin + n + er Twinning
commonness = common + ness Simple addition
annihilate = a\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + n + nihilate Assimilation
unnodding = un + nodding Simple addition
annex = a\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + n + nex Assimilation
annul = a\begin{align*}\cancel{d}\end{align*} + n + nul Assimilation
nonnoble = non + noble Simple addition
suddenness = sudden + ness Simple addition
connive = co\begin{align*}\cancel{m}\end{align*} + n + nive Assimilation
beginning = begin + n + ing Twinning
cannot = can + not Simple addition
stubbornness = stubborn + ness Simple addition
sunniest = sun + n + \begin{align*}\cancel{y}\end{align*} + i + est Twinning
twinned = twinned Twinning

7. So far you have examined two different ways to spell [n]: <n> and <nn>.

The sound [n] is spelled these two ways about ninety-nine times out of a hundred!

Teaching Notes.

Item 1. The <gn> spelling of [n] is discussed in Lesson 43. The <kn>, <pn>, and <mn> spellings are discussed in Lesson 44, For more on the spelling [n], see AES, pp. 429-35.

Notes/Highlights Having trouble? Report an issue.

Color Highlighted Text Notes
Show More

Image Attributions

Show Hide Details
Files can only be attached to the latest version of section
Please wait...
Please wait...
Image Detail
Sizes: Medium | Original