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11.1: Deleting Final < e > in Stems that End Ve#

Difficulty Level: At Grade Created by: CK-12
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Deleting Final <e> in Stems that End Ve#

1. Final<e> Deletion Rule. You delete a final <e> that marks a soft <c> or soft <g> only when you add a suffix that begins with the letters <e>, <l>, or <y>; you delete all other silent final<e>'s whenever you add a suffix that starts with any vowel.

2. Here are some free stems and suffixes for you to add together to practice final <e> deletion:

Free Stem + Suffix = Word
rhym\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing = rhyming
analyz\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ed = analyzed
arriv\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + al = arrival
immun\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ize = immunize
marriage + able = marriageable
chocolat\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + y = chocolaty
motorcyl\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ist = motorcyclist
disguis\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing = disguising
complet\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ed = completed
concret\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ion = concretion
supportive + ness = supportiveness
breath\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing = breathing
mortgage + able = mortgageable
mortgag\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ed = mortgaged
exercis\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ing = exercising

3. So far you>ve worked with final <e> deletion only with words that have a consonant right in front of the final <e> - like the <c> in pronounce or the <m> in rhyme.But words that end with the pattern Ve #, like true and dye, have a vowel right in front of the final <e>. When we add a suffix that starts with a vowel to words with the Ve # pattern, different things can happen.

For instance, below are some words whose stems end in the Ve # pattern<oe>. We have analyzed them into their stems and suffixes. Mark any final <e> deletion that took place and then write either “Yes” or “No” in the right hand column as we have done with the first one:

Words = Stem + Suffix Did final <e> deletion occur?
toed = to\begin{align*}\cancel{\mathrm{e}}\end{align*} + ed Yes
hoeing = hoe + ing No
hoer = ho\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + er Yes
canoeing = canoe + ing No
canoed = cano\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + ed Yes
canoeist = canoe + ist No
horseshoer = horsesho\begin{align*}\cancel{e}\end{align*} + er Yes
horseshoeing = horseshoe + ing No

4. When you add a suffix that starts with a vowel to a stem that ends <oe>, you do NOT delete the final <e> if the suffix starts with the letter \begin{align*}<i>\end{align*} . Otherwise, you do delete the final <e>, just as the Final <e> Deletion Rule says.

Teaching Notes.

Item 3. In <oe> words like toeing the final <e> is not deleted! Let's see why: If we deleted the final<e> in toeing, it would lead to this spelling: *toing, which could be misread to rhymne with boing or sproing. So the <oe> holdout to the Final <e> Deletion Rule make sense and is reasonabele.

Item 4. The word oboist “one who plays the oboe” may at first appear not to fit this conclusion. But although some dictionaries show only oboist,W3 and others show two alternate spellings, oboist and oboeist, the latter of which fits the conclusion and is the one we would prefer since it is more regular.

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